A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, by David S. Mason

By David S. Mason

Highlighting the main occasions, rules, and members that experience formed sleek Europe, this clean and energetic publication offers a succinct historical past of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring topic of revolution, David S. Mason explores the factors and outcomes of revolution: political, fiscal, and medical; the improvement of human rights; and problems with eu id and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each kingdom and period of time via emphasizing the main the most important occasions in shaping modern Europe. Fourteen centred chapters deal with such topical matters because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the economic Revolution; the theories and impression of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 global Wars; the chilly warfare and decolonization; and the evolution and enlargement of the eu Union. Any reader wanting a wide review of the sweep of eu background on the grounds that 1789 will locate this ebook, released in a primary version lower than the name Revolutionary Europe, an enticing and cohesive narrative.

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Geologists in France discovered fossils that conflicted with the time scheme suggested in the Old Testament. All of these men used observation and experiments to draw conclusions that conflicted with the accepted wisdom of the time. Enlightenment philosophers applied the methods of the Scientific Revolution to the study of society and of government rather than the material universe, believing that natural laws governed human behavior and institutions, just as they governed the universe. The principal forerunner of the Enlightenment was the Englishman John Locke (1632–1704), who first broached the notion that reason and knowledge are derived from experience.

1 Women on the Revolution Women played an important part in the revolutionary events in France, including the march on Versailles to bring Louis XVI back to Paris, where he would be more accessible and accountable to the people. But the leaders of the Revolution were mostly men, and not all women were pleased with the accomplishments of the revolutionaries. ” She addressed her appeal to the queen (Marie Antoinette) as a “mother and a wife,” hoping to win support for her cause from this influential woman.

Like most historical markers, the use of this one particular year, 1789, is a shorthand that masks a much more complex reality extending over many more years. Although 1789 marked the storming of the Bastille and the Declaration of the Rights of Man, the king, Louis XVI (r. 1774–1793), was not actually dethroned until 1792 and he was executed in 1793. And, much of the impact of the French Revolution was felt elsewhere in Europe only after Napoleon Bonaparte seized power in 1799. The Revolution was not fully concluded until the defeat of Napoleon and the restoration of the monarchy in 1815 (nor was it truly defeated even then).

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