By Ed Sobey
Written for mechanical rookies who won't recognize their catalytic converters from their common joints, this sensible consultant is helping educate a simple figuring out of the way vehicles functionality. units are grouped in keeping with their habitats—under the hood, contained in the motor vehicle, and more—to aid determine the expertise in query. fixing automobile puzzles similar to the place precisely does a dipstick dip and what's rack and pinion steerage, this convenient reference illuminates what’s occurring below the hood with out all that dust and grease.
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Wipers for headlights were added by Saab in 1970. Now rain-sensing wipers have appeared on luxury cars. 34 A F I E L D G U I D E TO A U TO M OT I V E T E C H N O LO G Y 828-CRP AutoTech_interiorR4 3/10/09 6:07 PM Page 35 Wing Mirror B E H AV I O R Wing mirrors allow drivers to see behind them along both sides of the car. Overtaking cars can be difficult to see when positioned in the driver’s blind spot. Wing mirrors help drivers see places that the rearview mirror doesn’t show. H A B I TAT They are attached to each of the front doors, near the forward edge.
In the windshield wiper the worm gear changes the direction of the motor shaft’s rotation 90 degrees. The worm gear drives a second gear which is connected to a cam or crank. The cam or crank converts the rotary motion of the motor into the back-and-forth motion of the wipers. ON THE CAR 33 828-CRP AutoTech_interiorR4 3/10/09 6:07 PM Page 34 Hand-operated rubber wipers were introduced in 1917 by the company that later became Trico, which is today the largest maker of windshield wipers. After World War I, the company introduced wipers powered not by electric motors, but by the vacuum pressure created in the intake manifold of the engine.
Does that make sense? Cold air can hold less moisture than warm air, so cooling the air first through the air conditioning system reduces the amount of water in the air. Cooling reduces the humidity before the air is warmed so it emerges with very low vapor content and a high capacity to absorb water vapor. Air is forced out of vents so it moves along the interior side of the windshield and the driver’s and front passenger’s windows. Heating wire embedded between sheets of glass in the rear windshield clears the fog there.