A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt

By Malyn Newitt

A historical past of Portuguese in a foreign country growth 1400-1668 provides an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as remote as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the guidelines and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to assist enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a world wide business. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese out of the country groups have been, surviving wars and typical failures, and keeping off assaults by means of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s.

Including an in depth bibliography and word list, A historical past of Portuguese out of the country growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of ecu expansion

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With the development of the African voyages and the conquests in Morocco, the Casa de Ceuta (later the Casa de Guiné) was created to co-ordinate the fitting out of ships and expeditions—arrangements which proved effective in enabling the Crown to organise the slave trading expeditions. In this way the The origins of Portuguese expansion to 1469 15 earliest institutions of empire arose out of the need of the Crown to support its feudal army. The almost continuous state of war in Morocco put added pressure on this type of traditional army and each expeditionary force had to be improvised with difficulty from whatever manpower was available.

In Madeira wheat, wine and sugar cane proved immediately profitable and the population of the island grew rapidly, through immigration and the import of slaves. The success of these new island settlements led the Portuguese Crown to introduce institutions which had originally grown up during the reconquista when noblemen or knights of the Military Orders had been granted lands and jurisdictions on condition that these would be conquered and settled by the grantee. Madeira, for example, was divided into two capitanias, which were granted to members of Henrique’s household, and it was they who were given the responsibility for organising the settlement and for the creation of a social infrastructure.

With Pedro’s accession to power, royal policy took on a new, clear and distinctive orientation. Pedro’s regency lasted until 1449 when a realignment of forces among the nobility brought the queen and the Braganzas back to power, Henrique refusing to support his brother when the crucial armed confrontation took place at Alfarobeira. Until Pedro assumed the regency the attention of the higher nobility had been largely focused on North Africa. Writing in the 1460s, the Venetian, Alvise da Cadamosto, commented on Henrique’s fixation with Morocco and how this had resulted in the organisation of corsair voyages to Africa.

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