By Marco Ottella, Pietro Perlo, Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Kees Gehrels, Harald Gall (auth.), Gereon Meyer, Jürgen Valldorf (eds.)
The car of the long run has to satisfy fundamental specifications: the super-efficient use of power and gear and the ultra-safe transportation of individuals and items either gains are more and more enabled by means of clever, adaptive and context acutely aware details and communique applied sciences (ICT), electric or digital elements and structures instead of exclusively by means of the mechanical technique of vintage car engineering. the main complicated instance of this development is the electrified car combining a whole electrical powertrain with thoroughly digital controls like clever energy and effort managers, steer-by-wire applied sciences and clever networking functions. it's been the venture of the overseas discussion board on complex Microsystems for automobile functions (AMAA) for greater than twelve years now to realize paradigm shifts and to debate their technological implications at an early degree. hence, the subject of the AMAA 2010 is “Smart platforms for eco-friendly autos and secure Mobility”. This booklet includes peer-reviewed convention papers awarded on the convention through specialists of significant businesses and major educational associations. They document on ongoing examine and novel advancements within the box of ICT, parts and structures allowing the car and highway delivery of the long run. a specific concentration is on uncomplicated applied sciences and complex purposes of electrified and electrical cars, highway and passenger defense, motive force tips, site visitors administration and powertrain potency. because of this vast insurance of issues with regards to sustainability of the auto either the AMAA occasion and this e-book serve the spreading of information generated within the framework of the eu eco-friendly autos Initiative. additional info is offered on www.amaa.de.
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Extra resources for Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2010: Smart Systems for Green Cars and Safe Mobility
2, represents the whole vehicle model. All the single devices represented have been considered: driver, vehicle control system, Li-ion battery, inverter and electric motor, gear box, clutch, ICE motor, fuel tank, auxiliary on board electrical loads and the longitudinal dynamic of the vehicle. The numerical simulation model has so been used in order to correctly size the performances of the electrical drive train. The numerical simulation model considers as input the drive mode and the reference speed which is given to the pilot model.
A subsequence simulation analysis, using a full PHEV vehicle model previously developed , will be performed for evaluating the benefit of inverter efficiency improvement on the total energy consumption in an urban drive cycle. List of Symbols Symbol d, q n Description rotating reference frame pole pairs number T motor torque Trif motor torque reference Tc load torque ia,b,c phase currents va,b,c phase voltages va,b,c ref phase voltages reference Rs, Rr stator and rotor resistance vs, Ψs Description rotor angular speed angular slip speed rotor ﬂux linkage space vectors stator current space vector component stator voltage space vector component rotating reference frame position leakage and magnetizing inductance derivative operator (d /dt) direct and inverse park transform operator stator voltage and ﬂux linkage space vectors s apex for ﬁxed frame referred space vectors α, β ﬁxed reference frames p.
As fuel can be used a liquid or gas fossil fuel: gasoline, diesel, natural gas or LPG, a biofuel: biodiesel, biogas or ethanol, or other fuels such as hydrogen. Electric powertrain: vehicle motion is produced by an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy by electromagnetic interactions. The electrical energy has its origin from batteries, fuel cells or solar panels that are mounted on the vehicle. Hybrid powertrain: vehicle motion is achieved through a combination of thermal and electrical systems of those seen in previous cases.