By Bruce Baker, Brian Kelly, Eric Foner
“Is there fairly something new to assert approximately Reconstruction? the superb contributions to this quantity make it transparent that the answer's a convincing definite. jointly those essays let us reconsider the meanings of nation and citizenship within the Reconstruction South, a deeply important job and a laudable develop at the current historiography.”—Alex Lichtenstein, Indiana University
within the well known mind's eye, freedom for African americans is usually assumed to were granted and entirely learned whilst Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation or, at least, on the end of the Civil conflict. in fact, the anxiousness felt via newly freed slaves and their allies within the wake of the clash illustrates a extra advanced dynamic: the which means of freedom used to be vigorously, frequently lethally, contested within the aftermath of the war.
After Slavery moves past wide generalizations referring to black existence in the course of Reconstruction as a way to tackle the various reviews of freed slaves around the South. city unrest in New Orleans and Wilmington, North Carolina, loyalty between former slave proprietors and slaves in Mississippi, armed revolt alongside the Georgia coast, and racial violence through the sector are only a few of the subject matters examined.
The essays integrated listed here are chosen from the easiest paintings created for the After Slavery venture, a transatlantic study collaboration. mixed, they provide a variety of viewpoints at the key concerns in Reconstruction historiography and a well-rounded portrait of the era.
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Additional info for After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South
How did we “make” them? 23 By the 1970s new financial service providers emerged, bringing new technologies and technical expertise that fostered innovations in the mobilization and management of capital. 24 Bringing the sweatshop workers within the framework of Sassen’s analysis of the rise of global cities suggests that this development was not some sideshow of the modern political-economy but linked to its main currents. 25 Many are in sweatshops like those I have described making luxury and casual apparel to clothe our bodies.
For example, there is ample evidence that ostensibly free manumissions in Brazil—which had the largest free black population in the hemisphere—were more often than not conditioned on the recipient continuing his or her labor service to the owner’s estate and/or to his or her heirs. Indeed, such conditional manumissions became a favored legal ruse, enabling slave owners to pass on an inheritance that could not be legally seized for debt under Brazilian law. Far from being a radical break with slavery, therefore, this “freedom” was more a continued subordination and exploitation under different rules.
S. comparison, see Condon, “Manumission, Slavery, and Family,” 127–57. 17. Anderson, Imagined Communities, 6–7. 18. Ibid, 19–22. 19. For example, see Jung, Coolies and Cane. 20. The land-labor nexus as explanation for slavery is an old idea of which a recent exposition is found in Green, British Slave Emancipation. For a different take on this historical development, see Holt, Children of Fire, 43–73. 21. The transatlantic links between labor and consumption are best explicated by Sidney Mintz in Sweetness and Power.