Altering Nature: Volume Two: Religion, Biotechnology, and by B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny

By B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (auth.), B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (eds.)

The volumes of changing Nature think of the advanced ways in which innovations of 'nature' and 'the typical' are understood and the relevance of these understandings to discussions of biotechnology. quantity One, techniques of 'Nature' and 'The usual' in Biotechnology Debates, deals nuanced debts of the ways in which nature is invoked and interpreted, either descriptively and prescriptively, by means of assorted disciplines, together with views from spirituality and faith, philosophy, technological know-how and medication, legislations and economics, and aesthetics. within the context of that large dialogue, quantity , faith, Biotechnology, and Public coverage, studies fresh spiritual and moral analyses of 4 particular components of biotechnology: assisted copy, genetic remedy and enhancement, human-machine incorporation, and biodiversity. It identifies and explores the richer normative issues that tell specific debates and indicates ways in which coverage offerings in biotechnology could be illuminated by way of devoting higher awareness to spiritual perspectives.

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Here the question of “nature” might be regarded as a concern not about inheritance or genetic connection but discerning the criteria that make the “natural” family a typically superior environment for raising children and protecting the dignity of children who are conceived. First, although when Protestant denominations make statements on assisted reproduction they rarely treat the connections between genetic relation and parenthood as absolute values, marriage typically functions as the “fitting” or “faithful” setting for procreation and thus as the ideal against which alternatives are to be judged.

Children resulting from AIH are still products of the “one flesh” joined by God through marriage. The concern with AID and one of the concerns with surrogacy are not lineage (adopted children are welcomed) but the adulterous involvement of a third party in what is normally an intimate marital act. Furthermore—again in departure from the Roman Catholic view—the prohibition against masturbation can be lifted in the interest of obtaining a semen sample for AIH. A forbidden “unnatural” act becomes tolerated in the greater interest of procreation, a “natural” desirable outcome of marriage.

Single sperm are then injected into single ova, forcing fertilization of particular ova by particular sperm. After 48–72 hours, a small number of embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus through a catheter. As in standard IVF, donor ova may be used, although donor sperm rarely are, as the procedure was developed to facilitate fertilization by nearly-infertile men. Ooplasm donation: Designed to overcome the weaknesses of “elderly” eggs, this technique involves introducing donor ooplasm (which contains another, younger woman’s mitochondrial genetic material) into an older woman’s ovum in order to facilitate fertilization; then ICSI is performed with the older woman’s husband’s (or possibly even a donor’s) sperm.

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