By Istvan Egresi
This booklet takes stock of and evaluates the to be had assets for the advance of different tourism in Turkey. It examines the position of different tourism in destiny tourism improvement plans and proposes public rules essential to guarantee sustainability. even supposing tourism began later in Turkey than within the Western Mediterranean international locations it has grown very speedily over the past 3 many years and this day the rustic ranks one of the best ten international locations on this planet by way of either arrivals and receipts. even if, many of the tourism improvement has been within the mass tourism region or the so-called sun-sea-sand tourism. whereas the most important for the industrial improvement of Turkey, mass tourism, within the absence of right making plans, has occurred in a haphazard demeanour resulting in a variety of environmental and socio-cultural difficulties. This e-book argues that, as a way to mitigate those difficulties, Turkey may still inspire the advance of different sorts of tourism.
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Extra info for Alternative Tourism in Turkey: Role, Potential Development and Sustainability
For example, results of a study conducted by Dal and Baysan (2007) suggest that the intense use of coastal areas results in ecological and environmental problems, a ﬁnding supported by the local residents who contend that tourism has resulted in increased environmental problems. Dodds and Butler (2009) report that although the participants who are integral to the policy process are aware of sustainable tourism, the individual 30 M. Yolal advantage from exploiting pooled or shared resources is often perceived as being greater than the potential long-term shared losses that result from the deterioration of such resources.
2010) report on the difﬁculties in achieving sustainable tourism development due to political obstacles. However, because sustainable development is an ideologically loaded concept, there is no single way to achieve sustainability, and each location may adopt a different strategy, depending on its particular circumstances (Bramwell 2004). 1 Globalization, Mass Tourism, and Sustainable Development 17 Three traditions related to the sustainability of tourism are still important at the local level (Saarinen 2006): 1.
Yolal negative impacts of the oligopolistic structure of the foreign tour operators as a result of their horizontal and vertical integration (Roney 2011). Therefore, the focus of the eighth plan was to concentrate on marketing efforts, airline transportation, and total quality improvement across the industry. 4 billion in 2000 to $148 billion in 2001 (Okumus and Karamustafa 2005). The 2001 crisis and its consequences indicate that neither tourism ﬁrms nor the government could foresee the event, and therefore, they failed to make advance preparations.