An Archaeological Study of Rural Capitalism and Material by Mark D. Groover

By Mark D. Groover

Ancient archaeology has mostly excited about the examine of early army websites and houses of higher type. learn on reduce sessions used to be seen as a complement to neighborhood histories documenting political, army and fiscal leaders of the 18th and nineteenth centuries. An Archaeological learn of Rural Capitalism and fabric lifestyles could be of curiosity to old archaeologists, cultural anthropologists, social historians, and ancient sociologists, specially researchers learning the effect of globalization and financial improvement upon rural areas like Appalachia.

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Extra info for An Archaeological Study of Rural Capitalism and Material Life: The Gibbs Farmstead in Southern Appalachia, 1790-1920 (Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology)

Sample text

Fortunately for the Gibbs study, the collective conclusions from these previous rural studies offer a valuable contextual framework for interpreting the household philosophy, dynamics, rural economy, and material record associated with the Gibbs family during the 19th century. These results suggest that a circular set of intertwined goals existed on some, but not all, family-operated farms, and these goals were inextricably linked to the convergence of family ideology, the family life cycle, household events, and the loci of household authority.

The deerskin trade during the 18th century was a leading export 16 Chapter 2 activity and severely disrupted Native American groups, particularly the Cherokee (Dunaway 1996). Exports produced by grain and livestock farmers in East Tennessee during the ensuing 19th century focused principally upon corn and pork. These commodities were exported in record numbers during the antebellum era to feed enslaved plantation labor in the lower South. During the second half of the 19th century, extractive industries such as logging and mining were established in the region.

In addition to temporal theory, the Annales School also provides a relevant analytical tool through the idea of material life (Braudel 1974, 1977, 1981). As discussed in Braudel’s (1977:6–16) Afterthoughts on Material Civilization and Capitalism, material life contains three domains particularly relevant to historical archaeology, consisting of material culture, economy, and technology. In this study of rural life in East Tennessee, it is implicitly assumed that the influences of material culture, economic practices, and technology are intertwined and create feedback in the sense of systems theory.

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