By John D. Brewer
Anti-Catholicism kinds a part of the dynamics to Northern Ireland's clash and is necessary to the self-defining identification of yes Protestants. besides the fact that, anti-Catholicism is as a lot a sociology strategy as a theological dispute. It used to be given a Scriptural underpinning within the background of Protestant-Catholic kin in eire, and wider British-Irish family, so that it will toughen social divisions among the spiritual groups and to supply a deterministic trust procedure to justify them. The ebook examines the socio-economic and political procedures that experience ended in theology getting used in social closure and stratification among the 17th century and the current day.
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Additional resources for Anti-Catholicism in Northern Ireland, 1600–1998: The Mote and the Beam
This illustrates the extent of toleration pennitted under the penal laws. There is also considerable evidence that at a local level, relations between Catholic and Protestant neighbours could be good. Mixed marriages still occurred in Wexford for example (Foster, 1988: 154), and people in Loughinisland shared a church for a time (Rafferty, 1994: 68).
Ulster's Presbyterians refused to sign the oath, in most part because of an objection at being forced to do so, and in 1653 they were banished from the island. By the following year, however, Cromwell's son and his father's Lord Deputy, cancelled the banishment scheme and even granted some Presbyterian ministers a state stipend. He was less affected than his father by pique at the Presbyterians' show of independence. Within a few years, most Presbyterian ministers had accepted the stipend, despite their preference for independence: division within Protestant ranks was unappealing to the Protectorate and Presbyterians alike, since it appeared that the pro-Catholic Stuarts could well resume kingly authority again.
Thus a contemporary pamphlet, written by someone newly arrived in 1615 from Norfolk, described the place as 'depopulated Ulster, dispoyled, ragged, sad sabled ... there remayneth nothing but ruynes and desolation, with a very little showe of any humanitie' (quoted in Bardon, 1992: 126). It was here that O'Neill's greatest strength had lain, and here where the effects of his defeat were most felt, giving rise to that variant of colonialism known as the Ulster plantation. The Plantation Elizabeth I had planted people in Munster from 1586 and there had been a plan to extend this to the eastern part of Ulster.