By Kenneth K. Kuo, Ragini Acharya(auth.)
A hands-on, built-in method of fixing combustion difficulties in varied components
An realizing of turbulence, combustion, and multiphase reacting flows is key for engineers and scientists in lots of industries, together with energy genera-tion, jet and rocket propulsion, pollutants regulate, fireplace prevention and security, and fabric processing. This publication deals a hugely functional dialogue of burning habit and chemical strategies happening in varied fabrics, arming readers with the instruments they should clear up the main complicated combustion difficulties dealing with the medical neighborhood this present day. the second one of a two-volume paintings, functions of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion expands on themes concerning laminar flames from Professor Kuo's bestselling publication ideas of Combustion, moment version, then builds upon the idea mentioned within the significant other quantity basics of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion to deal with intimately state-of-the-art experimental suggestions and functions no longer coated anyplace else.
Special positive aspects of this publication comprise:
Coverage of complex purposes reminiscent of stable propellants, burning habit, and chemical boundary layer flows
A multiphase platforms technique discussing simple thoughts ahead of relocating to higher-level purposes
A huge variety of functional examples gleaned from the authors' event in addition to difficulties and a options manual
Engineers and researchers in chemical and mechanical engineering and fabrics technology will locate purposes of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion an vital advisor for upgrading their talents and maintaining with this speedily evolving quarter. it's also an outstanding source for college kids and execs in mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineering.Content:
Chapter 1 good Propellants and their Combustion features (pages 1–71):
Chapter 2 Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Nitramines (pages 72–142):
Chapter three Burning habit of Homogeneous good Propellants (pages 143–208):
Chapter four Chemically Reacting Boundary?Layer Flows (pages 209–329):
Chapter five Ignition and Combustion of unmarried vigorous good debris (pages 330–455):
Chapter 6 Combustion of good debris in Multiphase Flows (pages 456–506):
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Additional info for Applications of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion
Polymerization occurs when the binder monomer and its cross-linking agent react (beginning in the mixing process) to form long chains and complex three-dimensional polymers. The binder ingredient has important effects on rocket motor reliability, mechanical properties, propellant processing complexity, storability, aging, and costs. 7 Molecular structure of GAP. 1 Characteristics of Glycidyl Azide Polymer Binder Glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) is an example of an energetic, thermally stable, hydroxyl-terminated prepolymer that can be polymerized (Sutton and Biblarz, 2001).
Under vacuum conditions, very small voids can exist next to the oxidizer particles. These voids can become larger with increase of shear or tensile strains. Propellants usually show a nonlinear viscoelastic behavior. 10 Effect of strain rate on viscoelastic behavior of solid propellants. 10. 4) dt The nonlinear mechanical behavior means that the stress response of propellants depends on both the level of strain applied and the strain rate at which it was applied. Also, under multiple loads, the material becomes weaker and suffers some damage with each loading cycle or thermal stress application (Sutton and Biblarz, 2001).
1993) observed the formation of white smoke, which was attributed to the formation of AN aerosol from the recombination of NH3 and HNO3 in the cool atmosphere. It was postulated that AN aerosol would not be formed if a ﬂame were present because NH3 and HNO3 would then react before recombining. The product ratios of detected species were 12N2 O:6NO2 :3AN:2NH3 :HNO3 :NO after the decomposition of ADN was completed. It is believed that ADN will be considered in the future energetic propellant development, especially for green propulsion.