By Kaushik Basu, Ravi Kanbur
Amartya Sen has made deep and lasting contributions to the tutorial disciplines of economics, philosophy, and the social sciences extra extensively. He has engaged in coverage discussion and public debate, advancing the reason for a human improvement centred coverage schedule, and a tolerant and democratic polity. This argumentative Indian has made the case for the poorest of the terrible, and for plurality in cultural point of view. it isn't stunning that he has received the top awards, starting from the Nobel Prize in Economics to the Bharat Ratna, India's optimum civilian honor. This public acceptance has long gone hand in hand with the love and admiration that Amartya's acquaintances and scholars carry for him. This quantity of essays, written in honor of his seventy fifth birthday by means of his scholars and friends, covers the diversity of contributions that Sen has made to wisdom. they're written through the various world's prime economists, philosophers and social scientists, and deal with issues equivalent to ethics, welfare economics, poverty, gender, human improvement, society and politics. the second one quantity covers the subjects of Human improvement and features; Gender and family; development, Poverty and coverage; and Society, Politics and background. it's a becoming tribute to Sen's personal contributions to the discourse on Society, associations and Development.Contributors contain: Bina Agarwal, Isher Ahluwalia, Montek S Ahluwalia, Ingela Alger, Muhammad Asali, Amiya Kumar Bagchi, Pranab Bardhan, Lourdes Bener?a, Sugata Bose, Lincoln C. Chen, Martha adjust Chen, Kanchan Chopra, Simon Dietz, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Jonathan Glover, Cameron Hepburn, Jane Humphries, Rizwanul Islam, Ayesha Jalal, Mary Kaldor, Sunil Khilnani, Stephan Klasen, Jocelyn Kynch, Enrica Chiappero Martinetti, Kirsty McNay, Martha C. Nussbaum, Elinor Ostrom, Gustav Ranis, Sanjay G. Reddy, Emma Samman, Rehman Sobhan, Robert M. Solow, Nicholas Stern, Frances Stewart, Ashutosh Varshney, Sujata Visaria, and J?rgen W. Weibull.
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Additional info for Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement
Aristotle recognizes that a certain amount of “moneymaking” is “forced” on society (1096a). That might suggest that he conceives of the good life as aﬀordable only to an elite. However, he does not say that those who can aﬀord the good life are going at it “24/7” while everyone else takes no part in it. Furthermore, it is 1 Quotations are from the helpful edition prepared by Terence Irwin (see References). Following convention, page numbers refer to Immanuel Bekker’s classic edition of Aristotle (1831).
Aggregation will thus be required over many aspects of well-being. Secondly, diﬀerent individuals may have diﬀerent systems of valuation, or what Rawls calls “comprehensive doctrines of the good”. In that case, if we are to arrive at a social as distinct from an individual evaluation of a state of aﬀairs, and if that evaluation has to respect plurality of values, then aggregation will be required across individual valuations as well. Thirdly, even a single individual may have multiple value-systems, and ways must be found to deal with this plurality.
The particular combination of functionings she actually achieves is one of many possible combinations she could have achieved. All the possible combinations she could have achieved together constitute the extent of opportunities that was really open to her. Sen calls this opportunity set the “capability” of a person, and argues that in many instances one may have to look at capability (the overall opportunity) rather than the particular combination of functionings achieved by a person in order to gauge the level of her well-being (Sen 1985b).