Asia's Computer Challenge: Threat or Opportunity for the by Jason Dedrick

By Jason Dedrick

How did the pc evolve into its current worldwide constitution? Why have a few Asian nations succeeded greater than others? Jason Dedrick and Kenneth L. Kraemer delve into those questions and emerge with an evidence of the swift upward push of the pc within the Asia-Pacific region.

Asia's desktop Challenge makes a scientific comparability of the historic improvement of the pc industries of Japan, Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan and concludes that neither a plan as opposed to industry, nor a rustic as opposed to corporation dichotomy absolutely explains the range stumbled on between those international locations. The authors determine a brand new force--the emergence of a world construction community. achieving past particular businesses and nations, this booklet explores the strategic implications for the Asian-Pacific international locations and the USA. Now East Asia is confronted with a problem; they need to make the stream from low margin company to excessive margin software program and data companies, whereas american citizens needs to reply by way of protecting management in criteria, layout, advertising and marketing, and company innovation.

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Extra resources for Asia's Computer Challenge: Threat or Opportunity for the United States and the World?

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The governments of Singapore and Taiwan have supported and facilitated their countries’ integration into the global production system by promoting inward investment and technology transfer and by helping local companies develop specialized capabilities, identify export opportunities, and exploit them. They have also invested in developing the national capabilities necessary to participate in the global industry, particularly human resources, infrastructure, and R&D. By contrast, both Japan and Korea relied on domestic production and followed an export promotion strategy.

S. consumer electronics industry partly by tapping the capabilities of the Asian NIEs to counter the manufacturing prowess of the Japanese. Taiwan, Korea, and Singapore moved rapidly upstream from simple assembly and production of cheap components to challenge Japan’s leadership in large segments of the PC industry. Korea’s Samsung became the world’s leading producer of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips, while Taiwanese companies took the lead in motherboards, monitors, and other peripherals, and Singaporean companies controlled the world sound-card market.

While the government does little to directly promote industries such as computers, it has invested heavily in developing an exceptional trade and communications infrastructure. It also maintains low tax rates and very liberal trade and investment rules to create a favorable environment for commerce and finance. Overall, the evidence from the Asian countries clearly supports the argument that industrial policy makes a difference in national competitiveness. No country, including the United States, has competed successfully in computers without some government involvement.

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