Behemoth: The History of the Elephant in America by Ronald B. Tobias

By Ronald B. Tobias

If the country's legitimate mascot is an eagle, then its unofficial mascot is the elephant. whereas the eagle soars above the top of the country from a dispassionate distance, the elephant stands along with his toes at the floor with least difficult of wretches and the main strong of guys. the 1st elephant arrived aboard send slightly 20 years after the signing of the statement of Independence. He toured the previous colonies walking from Maine to Georgia, showing in entrance of a barn or a tavern, hidden by way of a canvas curtain, the place humans flocked to work out him, paying the admission cost in funds, rum, or potatoes. Then they went domestic and informed their pals and buddies, i've got noticeable the elephant. in view that then, the elephant has develop into an unheard of image within the American mind's eye and an enormous determine in our pop culture. because the variety of elephants grew within the early 1800s, they ventured onto the frontier, and traveled to each country, territory, and ownership within the Union. They labored clearing the land by way of pulling stumps, laid ties for brand new railroads, and hauled shipment in shipyards. In 1849, an elephant crossed the Rockies looking for gold in California. The elephant grew to become an emblem of the horrors of the battlefield throughout the Civil warfare, and the emancipation of slaves grew to become Lincoln's elephant. simply whilst pleasure over the elephant started to wane, P.T. Barnum began to comprise them in his touring caravans towards the flip of the century. quickly, elephants have been appearing Shakespeare and taking part in baseball, successful over the yankee public with their enforcing but mild demeanour. In 1884, the well-known Jumbo, whose identify lives on in our day-by-day lexicon, kept the Brooklyn Bridge from cave in. Elephants resumed their position in our tradition, from Thomas Edison's recognized electrocution of terrible Topsy to the CIA's LSD-dropping Tusko within the Sixties, from D.C.'s political animals to Hollywood's significant stars. In Behemoth, Ronald B. Tobias, a usual historian and filmmaker, has written the 1st and in simple terms entire historical past of the elephant in the USA. He strains the elephant from its first steps on our seashores to its indelible footprint on our nationwide tradition, taking pictures our mind's eye and paralleling our personal pleasure and soreness. Interspersed all through this vigorous and interesting chronicle are dozens of illustrations, posters, and information articles from the eighteenth century throughout the current, underlining the power of elephant as an everlasting image of the yank event.

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Puis-je suggérer qu’on pourrait d’abord libérer l’essai d’approximations comme « l’essai proprement dit » ou de pléonasmes comme « l’essai littéraire » ou « l’essayiste écrivain », quitte à redonner au mot essai sa pleine valeur suggestive. ��. Milan Kundera, « Préface », dans François Ricard, La littérature contre elle-même, Montréal, Les Éditions du Boréal Express, 1985, p. 8. Int. indd 37 12/1/08 2:28:49 PM 24 Acte I Dialogue sur l’essai et la culture L’AUTRE – Si j’ai bien compris, cher ami, il ne semble pas inutile de revenir encore de nos jours sur les paramètres de l’essai.

La fin, l’auteur prend ses distances vis-à-vis de l’essai, en direction d’une sorte de « prose » libérée... Puis-je suggérer qu’on pourrait d’abord libérer l’essai d’approximations comme « l’essai proprement dit » ou de pléonasmes comme « l’essai littéraire » ou « l’essayiste écrivain », quitte à redonner au mot essai sa pleine valeur suggestive. ��. Milan Kundera, « Préface », dans François Ricard, La littérature contre elle-même, Montréal, Les Éditions du Boréal Express, 1985, p. 8. Int. indd 37 12/1/08 2:28:49 PM 24 Acte I Dialogue sur l’essai et la culture L’AUTRE – Si j’ai bien compris, cher ami, il ne semble pas inutile de revenir encore de nos jours sur les paramètres de l’essai.

P. 9. ��. Jean-François Chassay, « La science à l’essai », Études littéraires, « Dérives de l’essai », vol. 37, no 1, automne 2005, p. 105-117. ��. Laurent Mailhot, L’essai québécois depuis 1845. Étude et anthologie, Montréal, Éditions Hurtubise HMH, Cahiers du Québec, collection Littérature, 2005, 357 p. Int. indd 36 12/1/08 2:28:48 PM Acte I Dialogue sur l’essai et la culture 23 c’est-à-dire aux morceaux choisis ? Mais c’est plus fort que moi : j’ai la passion de la réflexion sur la littérature ou des « préceptes littéraires », comme on disait au collège ; l’histoire littéraire m’intéresse infiniment moins que les œuvres vives ; quelques balises me suffisent, soit le contexte d’énonciation ou l’essentiel de la situation d’énonciation, l’attitude fondamentale de l’écrivain, son cogito, pour ainsi dire, au moment de l’écriture.

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