Bergey’s Manual® of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume Two The by Johannes F. Imhoff (auth.), Don J. Brenner, Noel R. Krieg,

By Johannes F. Imhoff (auth.), Don J. Brenner, Noel R. Krieg, James T. Staley, George M. Garrity Sc.D., David R. Boone, Paul De Vos, Michael Goodfellow, Fred A. Rainey, Karl-Heinz Schleifer (eds.)

Includes an outline of the Gammaproteobacteria (1203 pages, 222 figures, and three hundred tables). this massive taxon comprises many renowned medically and environmentally very important teams. in particular extraordinary are the Enterobacteriaceae, Aeromonas, Beggiatoa, Chromatium, Legionella, Nitrococcus, Oceanospirillum, Pseudomonas, Rickettsiella, Vibrio, Xanthomonas and one hundred fifty five extra genera.

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Extra resources for Bergey’s Manual® of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume Two The Proteobacteria Part B The Gammaproteobacteria

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M. R. ) trogen sources used: ammonium salts, urea, casein hydrolysate, glutamic acid, and N2. Hydrogenase and catalase activity occur. Storage materials: S0, poly-b-hydroxybutyrate, polyphosphate, and polysaccharide. Vitamin B12 required. 6, 1–4% NaCl (up to 9% NaCl). Sodium chloride is required for growth. Favorable light intensity is 3000 lux. Habitat: hydrogen sulfide-containing mud and water of saline water bodies with 1–11% salinity. The mol% G ‫ ם‬C of the DNA is: 60–64. Type strain: Type strain INMI RO-1 is lost; no neotype strain designated.

Genus II. Allochromatium Imhoff, Su¨ling and Petri 1998b, 1140VP JOHANNES F. um. Gr. adj. L. neut. n. Allochromatium the other Chromatium. Cells straight to slightly curved rods, single or in pairs, multiply by binary fission, motile by polar flagella, Gram negative, belong to the Gammaproteobacteria, and contain internal photosynthetic membranes of vesicular type in which the photosynthetic pigments bacteriochlorophyll a and carotenoids are located. Photolithoautotrophic growth occurs under anoxic conditions in the light with sulfide and S0 as electron donors.

MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES Maintenance of strains in liquid culture medium and long-term preservation in liquid nitrogen are carried out as described for the genus Chromatium. DIFFERENTIATION OF THE GENUS HALOCHROMATIUM FROM OTHER GENERA Halochromatium species are characterized by their requirement for elevated salt concentrations and by having motile rod-shaped cells. 5 of the chapter describing the family Chromatiaceae. The phylogenetic relationships of Halochromatium species to other members of the family Chromatiaceae, based on 16S rDNA sequence comparison, are shown in Fig.

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