Beyond Nationalism: A Social and Political History of the by Istvan Deak

By Istvan Deak

Within the final seventy years of its lengthy and distinct life, the Habsburg monarchy used to be suffering from the forces of emerging nationalism. nonetheless, it preserved family peace and supplied the stipulations for social, monetary, and cultural growth in an unlimited sector inhabited through 11 significant nationalities and nearly as many confessional teams. This research investigates the social starting place, schooling, education, code of honor, way of life, and political function of the Habsburg officials. concurrently conservative and liberal, the officer corps, initially composed customarily of aristocrats, willingly coopted hundreds of thousands of commoners--among them a unprecedented variety of Jews. Even in the course of global battle I, the military and its officials persisted, surviving the dissolution of the country in October 1918, if basically through a couple of days. the tip of the multinational Habsburg military additionally marked the top of confessional and ethnic tolerance in crucial and East significant Europe.

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Extra resources for Beyond Nationalism: A Social and Political History of the Habsburg Officer Corps, 1848-1918

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The figures were compiled by recruiting district but also cumulatively, in absolute numbers and in percentages. The military yearbooks reported in detail on military schools, cadets, and, last but not least, the officer corps, including the number and proportion of those on active duty, in the reserve, and in retirement, the age breakdown of these groups by rank and service branch, their careers in relation to the schools or special training courses they had attended, and the military campaigns in which they had participated.

Joseph's attempts to modernize and centralize everything in his realm, from the administration and the educational system to the military establishment and the rights of peasants led to provincial resistance and a virtual state of war in Hungary and Belgium. He died in 1790, a self-confessed failure, but left behind a tradition of bureaucratic centralism forever associated with his name. * *Archduke Charles, the Austrian commander in chief between 1806 and 1809, cited as an example the case of a Kiirassier (heavy cavalry) officer who had petitioned the Hofkriegsrat for a remuneration of six Dukats, termed a "Douceur," for having done service with his own horse for twelve years.

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