By J. Crossland
James Crossland's paintings lines the heritage of the foreign Committee of the purple move' fight to convey humanitarianism to the second one international battle, by means of concentrating on its tumultuous courting with one of many conflict's key belligerents and masters of the blockade of the 3rd Reich, nice Britain.
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Extra resources for Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939–1945
The delegate sent by Whitehall to the 1863 conference – Dr William Rutherford, Deputy Inspector of Hospitals attached to the War Office – was chosen at the last minute, spoke little French and was briefed that he was attending a sanitary conference, not, as he soon found out, a meeting of ‘a kind of international amateur society to assist the sick and wounded’. He was also given instructions to abstain from participation in the discussions, take notes on the views of others and report back. 6 This order to remain detached from proceedings turned out to be well advised.
46 Although the British had always been thoughtful in their consideration of new IHL, dating back to the discussions between the Admiralty and the Foreign Office over the 1868 amendments, it was the processes at The Hague, the calls for a new Geneva Convention and the sense of distrust of the ICRC to handle the latter that sparked not only a greater level of engagement and consideration but also a firmer sense that Britain could and should ‘own’ the process of IHL development. 47 The sinews of this policy of dominating the ‘Geneva Project’, however, can be traced back to the drafting process of the preceding Geneva Convention of 1906.
A glance at the Committee in the post-war years is illustrative of this. At the time the LRCS was formed the ICRC was led by the 74-year-old Gustav Ador, a 40 Britain and the ICRC 40-year veteran of the Committee and nephew of its co-founder, Gustav Moynier, who had only vacated the presidency when he passed away in 1910, nine weeks before Dunant. The death of the ICRC’s founders and the coming of Davison’s League did engender some changes in the Committee’s leadership, albeit tempered by familiarity.