Cardinal Men and Scarlet Women: A Colorful Etymology of by Jan Keessen

By Jan Keessen

Phrases comparable to cardinal and scarlet can describe a similar colour yet they tackle markedly varied meanings after we use them to contemplate the value of a cardinal guy or a scarlet lady. The comparability turns out to conjure considerably extra prejudice once we contemplate cardinal guy is respected as righteous whereas a scarlet lady is reviled as depraved, rather when it comes to her sexual intercourse. similarly, by means of contrasting different pairs of phrases, we will be able to see how they too invite discriminatory connotations when it comes to what we price: Christian and pagan, campaign and jihad, intellectual and lowbrow, wizard and witch, correct and left, white and black. Keessen provides this playful but scholarly research in terms of a sequence of casual essays, prepared by means of bankruptcy and subject, and in a storytellers lexicon tells us how yes notions constructed. Generously illustrated with whimsical illustrations by way of award profitable artist invoice Hannan.

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So who’d want to tame a shrew? It’s a comic metaphor and, given the obstacles, we grin at the prospect, even before Shakespeare’s Petruchio tries his luck at taming the haughty and temperamental Katharina. Her dialogue has quite a bite to it, so it’s unlikely she’ll be easily tamed. Hence we are amused at such a wildly improbable situation where a seemingly unpromising man assumes he can easily master such a risky woman. It’s a good-natured farce, a lovable man and an ill-natured woman. ”15 Similar to shrew, the word termagant is another word attributed mainly to a woman, an ill-natured woman.

So what are the guidelines for a virtuous life? There are theological virtues and cardinal virtues. The theological virtues include faith, hope, and charity. For those who strive, they enter the soul as permanent habits or dispositions. Then there are the cardinal virtues: prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude. They are achieved by human effort and aided by grace. Theologians, mostly men, determined what the virtues were and how to receive them. Then women were expected to comply, with grace.

Her ducking was watched by many spectators, probably the same ones who hooted while another victim, Mary Cammell, was ducked in the Oconee River. ” What seemed to have irked the spectators was that Cammell remained defiant and unruly throughout her ducking. Even worse, Cammell was irreverent. ”19 9. Pandora’s Jarring Curiosity In a number of instances word histories arising from myths often blame women for being troublemakers. ” Legends vary on how it started, but one common story is that Zeus decided to punish man by creating woman.

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