Caste Wars: The Philosophy of Discrimination (Studies in by David Edmonds

By David Edmonds

The relevant subject for this ebook is the ethics of treating contributors as if they're individuals of teams. The e-book increases many fascinating questions, including:

  • Why can we think much more strongly approximately discrimination on convinced grounds – e.g. of race and intercourse - than discrimination on different grounds? Are we correct to imagine that discrimination in accordance with those features is principally invidious?
  • What should still we expect approximately ‘rational discrimination’ – ‘discrimination’ that's in accordance with sound statistics?

To take only one of dozens of examples from the publication. believe a landlord turns away a potential tenant, simply because this potential tenant is of a specific ethnicity – arguing that information exhibit that one in 4 of this crew were proven some time past to default on their lease. That turns out essentially unfair to humans of this ethnicity. yet we're regularly being judged during this manner – not only at the foundation of our ethnicity, yet assumptions are made approximately us and judgements taken approximately us according to our gender, faith, task, post-code, leisure pursuits, blood-group, nationality, and so on. Now consider that one other landlord turns away a convicted felony, arguing that one in 4 of convicted criminals were proven to be unreliable hire payers. Is our instinct just like earlier than? may still it be?

This book is compatible for all scholars of philosophy, specially people with an curiosity in utilized ethics.

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What information should it try to extract from its prospective clients? Well, the answers to two questions would give the company everything it needed to know. ; and Do you have yellow teeth? Given the matrix above, the insurance firm could guarantee that those who answered in the affirmative to both questions would develop cancer. Equally, those who answered in the negative to at least one question would definitely be safe. ‘No’ to (1) – ‘No I do not smoke’ – ensures health. And ‘No’ to (2) – ‘No I do not have yellow teeth’ – implies that even if this prospective client is a smoker, he is one of the 50 per cent of smokers who will escape disease.

The patients will concur with the doctor’s assessment in three of the four wards. But in Ward 4 they have inside knowledge. The patients in Ward 4 know who is in danger and who is safe. How is one likely to feel as a patient in Ward 2 or Ward 4 if one knows one has ‘passed’ the Birthday Test, but one is still treated by others as though the outcome is still in doubt? Mightily irritated, but probably more so in Ward 2 than in Ward 4. Of course in Ward 4 one would feel angry, but this would be directed mainly at the incompetence of the nurse; other members of the public could hardly be blamed for working on the assumption that all the patients in Ward 4 were still at risk of catching the disease.

Some people would be willing to give their lives for their group. And in part almost all of us judge the success of our lives by the success of the groups with which we most keenly identify. It is entirely natural for us to take personally a slight against a group to which we perceive ourselves to belong. Our self-esteem is wrapped up with the standing of our group(s). We receive a psychological boost when our group flourishes, and a knock when it stagnates, or suffers or goes into decline. A poor performance by a national team leads to an air of despondency, a great performance to a wave of euphoria.

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