Chicago Skyscrapers, 1871-1934 by Thomas Leslie

By Thomas Leslie

"For greater than a century, Chicago's skyline has incorporated many of the world's such a lot particular and encouraging structures. This historical past of the Windy City's skyscrapers starts off within the key interval of reconstruction after the nice fireplace of 1871 and concludes in 1934 with the onset of the good melancholy, which introduced architectural growth to a standstill. in this time, such iconic landmarks because the Chicago Tribune Tower, the Wrigley development, the Marshall box and corporate development, the Chicago inventory alternate, the Palmolive construction, and so forth rose to remarkable new heights, because of suggestions in construction tools and fabrics. strong, earthbound edifices of iron, brick, and stone made means for towers of metal and plate glass, supplying a extraordinary new glance to Chicago's turning out to be city panorama. Thomas Leslie finds the day-by-day struggles, technical breakthroughs, and negotiations that produced those superb constructions. The booklet contains particular analyses of the way starting place fabrics, framing buildings, and electrical lights constructed during the years, exhibiting how the skeletal frames of the Rookery, Ludington, and Leiter structures resulted in the braced frames of the Masonic Temple and Schiller construction and at last to the hid frames of town Opera, item Mart, and different Chicago landmarks. Leslie additionally considers how the city's notorious political weather contributed to its structure, as construction and zoning codes have been frequently disputed through moving networks of opponents, hard work unions, specialist corporations, and municipal our bodies. that includes greater than 100 images and illustrations of the city's bodily remarkable and wonderfully assorted structure, Chicago Skyscrapers, 1871-1934 indicates how in the course of those a long time, Chicago's architects, engineers, and developers realized from one another's successes and screw ups to create an extremely dynamic, vigorous interval of architectural progress." -- Publisher's description.

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W. Boyington, 1872. (Photo by the author) resulting “mud” was then stirred until uniform. “Mud-wheelers” next took barrows stacked into kilns where a constantly the next decades. Horsepower was first of the mixture to sanded tables, where stoked fire made the bricks monolithic used to mold brick in Philadelphia in brickmakers rolled out rough quantities and water-resistant. 1835, but the process was increasingly and forced them into a mold, slicing off At the time of the Fire brickmaking automated after 1870 with lever- and the excess with piano wire.

23 fit with the need for air spaces that in- between 1880 and 1884 used terra- sulated the iron within. Round columns cotta arches, and according to Wight buildings achieved modest increases were typically clad in segmental shells, the nine most significant structures built in height over all-masonry structures. while columns of more elaborate shape in the boom of 1884–1885—the new Wrapping iron columns and girders with were usually boxed in, leaving voids Board of Trade, Home Insurance, Royal terra-cotta jackets saved owners floor that could be used for pipes or ca- Insurance, Opera House, Gaff, Mallers, space that would otherwise have gone 13 16 Pioneer produced the first compre- Early fire-protected iron-framed bles.

This worked fine for small build- placed directly on bedrock. frames and columns that opened up ings, although cracking and uneven The combination of speculative the entire facade to the proportions of settlement were frequent. As buildings building, poor soil, and easily avail- iron, rather than the more solid ones of reached five and six stories, however, able wood, brick, and cast iron cre- brick. These buildings were derided as settlement led to more systemic struc- ated two distinct typologies in Chicago flimsy, but they offered tangible bene- tural failures, and in the post-fire years commercial construction by the time fits in daylighting, smaller foundations, the inadequacy of rubble walls for taller of the fire.

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