Childhood Obesity: Prevalence, Pathophysiology, and by Rexford S. Ahima

By Rexford S. Ahima

This name incorporates a variety of Open entry chapters.

The occurrence of adolescence obese and weight problems has elevated all over the world in contemporary many years. weight problems in adolescence is linked to quite a lot of severe wellbeing and fitness issues and an elevated danger of untimely disorder and demise later in existence. This booklet provides formative years weight problems developments throughout a number of demographics and discusses the contributing genetic and environmental components. It demonstrates the antagonistic well-being outcomes of early life weight problems either as they relate to youth and as they final into maturity and provides a number of tools for weight problems remedy incorporated group and family-based intervention, pharmacotherapy, and surgical procedures.

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Extra resources for Childhood Obesity: Prevalence, Pathophysiology, and Management

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Farooqi and S. O'Rahilly, “New advances in the genetics of early onset obesity,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1149–1152, 2005. 36. C. G. Bell, A. J. Walley, and P. Froguel, “The genetics of human obesity,” Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 221–234, 2005. 37. I. Kondo, J. Hamabe, K. Yamamoto, and N. Niikawa, “Exclusion mapping of the Cohen syndrome gene from the Prader–Willi syndrome locus,” Clinical Genetics, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 422–426, 1990. 38. I. M. Russell–Eggitt, P.

Current preliminary observations bring up an interesting question whether childhood obesity can result in denser trabecular bone in adulthood. However, prudence must be exercised in the statistical adjustment. Chapter 11 examines the psychological effects, rather than the physical effects of child obesity. van Grieken et al. Limited studies have reported on associations between overweight, and physical and psychosocial health outcomes among younger children. This study evaluates associations between overweight, obesity and underweight in 5–year–old children, and parent–reported health outcomes at age 7 years.

European researchers classified overweight as at or above 85th percentile and obesity as at or above 95th percentile of BMI [20]. A recent report from the Institute of Medicine has specifically used the term “obesity” to characterize BMI ≥ 95th percentile in children and adolescents [21]. By late adolescence, these percentiles approach those used for adult definitions; the 95th percentile is then approximately 30 kg/m2 [8]. These statistical percentile definitions are now general guidelines for clinicians and others [19].

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