By Richard Eckl, Peter Burda, Armin Foerg, Harald Finke, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus Lienkamp (auth.), Markus Lienkamp (eds.)
The expanding development in the direction of electrical vehicles ends up in a number of demanding situations for the car undefined, study institutes and politics in addition to for the society. learn and serial improvement flow nearer jointly to satisfy car criteria with new elements like traction batteries built-in into hybrid and electric drivetrains. additionally, the impression of e-mobility at the day-by-day mobility habit, the consequences at the automobile provide chain and the effect on commercial construction must be taken under consideration. in response to those advanced elements it's important not to merely collect particular wisdom within the specific fields but additionally to think about their sensible interplay. consequently, it sort of feels necessary to merge competence from technology, economic system and politics. This 12 months, the yearly „Conference on destiny car expertise“ because the follow-up of the „2. Automobiltechnisches Kolloquium München” makes a speciality of the budget friendly consciousness of frequent car electromobility.
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Extra info for Conference on Future Automotive Technology: Focus Electro Mobility
After these preceeding investigations a validated simulation model was set up in Simulink and SIMPACK aod finally ready for adaptioo aod scaling to a mobile platform. This platform is a first approximatioo with the parameters of the subcompact electric vehicle. The simulation model now allows variable parameter aod hinge design modifications aa well as different flywheel speeds, orientations aod moments of inertia, see Fignre 9. First simulations show the influence of flywheel hinging modificatioos on the vehicle movements including stabilizing effects.
Charging costs and attributable emissions for the MUTE hereby amount to approx. 1,85 €I100 Ian and 71 g C02ikm. As explained before, this is a direct consequence of hard coal and lignite fired power plants, which are the next most cost-eflicient power plants in the merit order able to provide the additional electricity required by EVs connected to the grid. The high specific emission factors of lignite (400 g CO,jkWh~ and hard coal (335 g CO,jk~ thus account for higher CO2 emissions than compared to the general power plant grid mix (Figure 7, left column).
F- f- - f- - f- - - - 400 f- f- - 800 - = I- r- ..... r- r""I ... , ~ .... , f= = r- Comparison of Renewable Electricity Production and Charging Demand on the Balance Sheet Sustainable Mobility 51 produced and either own consumed or fed-in electricity is clearly recognizable. 000 €) by the renewable feed-in tariffs takes place. The electricity purchase from the grid - optimized by the applied operation strategyis limited to 13 kWh a year (- I %), which has the effect of a very small share of electricity purchasing costs and also of the status of a zero emission charging system (0,4 gC02/km).