By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
Cognitive Linguistics, the department of linguistics that attempts to ''make one's account of human language accord with what's often identified in regards to the brain and the brain,'' has develop into the most flourishing fields of up to date linguistics. The chapters handle many vintage themes of Cognitive Linguistics. those subject matters comprise reports at the semantics of particular phrases (including polysemy and synonymy) in addition to semantic features of specific syntactic styles / buildings (including constructional synonymy and the schematicity of constructions), the research of causatives, transitivity, and image-schematic features of posture verbs.
the foremost attribute of this quantity is that every one papers undertake the methodological viewpoint of Corpus Linguistics, the swiftly evolving department of linguistics in line with the automated research of language utilized in actual settings. hence, the contributions don't in simple terms all offer numerous new insights of their respective fields, in addition they introduce new info in addition to new corpus-based and quantitative tools of study. at the foundation in their findings, the authors speak about either theoretical implications going well past the singular issues of the reviews and convey how the self-discipline of Cognitive Linguistics can enjoy the rigorous research of naturally-occurring language. The languages that are investigated are English, German, Dutch, and Russian, and the knowledge come from various diversified corpora. As such, the current quantity can be of curiosity to a variety of students with many various foci and pursuits and may pave the way in which for additional integration of usage-based thoughts of research inside of this fascinating paradigm.
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Additional info for Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis
Yet, all the rough, constructional differences taken together provide only part of the meaning of a word; by far not all meaning components are expressed in subcategorization frames. e. combine exclusively with an infinitive, vary in several respects; these lexical differences are relevant to the language user. In the second part of this paper, I have proposed a verifiable and repeatable solution for the internal structuring of clusters of near-synonyms that also lays the foundation for a fine-grained lexical-semantic description of the verbs in those clusters.
Wouldn’t it be more revealing to consider constructionally divergent verbs as “semantically close verbs”, as Atkins and Levin (1995) now and then label the “near-synonyms” they are analyzing? Being denied the status of near-synonyms does of course not imply that planirovat’ ‘plan’ is semantically unrelated to dumat’ ‘intend, think (of)’, namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’ and sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’. Yet, more precise insights into lexical knowledge can be gained from working with a layered structuring for traditional semantic categories.
Sometimes, the lexemes that are selected as semantically similar on a distributional basis are antonyms, not synonyms. Given that this phenomenon does not affect the verbs dealt with in this paper, I will not go into this issue but refer to Lin and Zhao (1993) instead. The elicitation experiment with native speakers of Russian was set up as a small number design. Five native speakers between the ages of 25 and 50 were selected to judge the constructional possibilities of 300 verbs on a threepoint scale.