Cosmos and Culture: Cultural Evolution in a Cosmic Context

Authors with different backgrounds in technology, heritage, anthropology, and extra, contemplate tradition within the context of the cosmos.

• How does our wisdom of cosmic evolution impact terrestrial tradition?
• Conversely, how does our wisdom of cultural evolution impact our brooding about attainable cultures within the cosmos?
• Are existence, brain, and tradition of basic importance to the grand tale of the cosmos that has generated its personal self-understanding via technological know-how, rational reasoning, and arithmetic?

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To determine whether this is the case, we replicated the ‘distance’ experiment we described previously, such that jays were able to cache in sites that were either near to or far from a conspecific. As shown in figure 7, in this experiment the birds cached either observed by a dominant bird, a subordinate, their partner, or in private (Dally et al. 2006a). Based on the findings of our earlier experiments, we predicted that cachers should hide food preferentially in the distant sites in the presence of potential thieves, but cache in both trays in private.

1976 Crows of the world. Bury St Edmunds, UK: British Museum (Natural History). Goodwin, D. 1986 Crows of the world, 2nd edn. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History). Hampton, R. , Hampstead, B. M. & Murray, E. A. 2005 Rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) demonstrate robust memory for what and where, but not when, in an openfield test of memory. Learn. Motiv. 36, 245–259. (doi:10. 004) Hare, B. 2001 Can competitive paradigms increase the validity of experiments on primate social cognition? Anim.

By contrast, in the presence of a prior observer, cachers repeatedly moved caches the observer had seen them make. g. caching out of view). By moving caches repeatedly, cachers might reduce the accuracy with which the observer would be able to steal their caches. As shown in figure 16, while the cachers moved caches they had been observed to make multiple times, caches that the observer at recovery had not seen them hide were rarely moved. Similarly very few caches were moved during the control condition.

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