Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime by Shaun L. Gabbidon

By Shaun L. Gabbidon

Ideal to be used in both crime thought or race and crime classes, this is often the one textual content to examine the array of factors for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. every one bankruptcy starts with a ancient overview of every theoretical viewpoint and the way its unique formula and newer derivatives account for racial/ethnic changes. The theoretical views contain these in line with faith, biology, social disorganization/strain, way of life, labeling, clash, social keep watch over, colonial, and feminism. the writer considers which views have proven the main promise within the region of race/ethnicity and crime.

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These ideas are highlighted in his well-known work, Hampa Afro-Cubana, Los Negros Brujos (1906). In Ortiz’s view, the brujos or sorcerers were main contributors to crime-related concerns (di Leo 2005). Consequently, Ortiz’s proscription for solving the crime problem in Cuba was to eradicate the negative African traits and culture. To do so, he dreamed of a “penitentiary city” where he felt that “if there were a true criminal colony in Cuba, the problem [of the isolation of the brujo] would almost be solved as brujos could take up special tasks, isolated from the other categories of criminals” (p.

Her theories and some tests of them specific to race and crime are reviewed next. Terri Moffitt’s Adolescence-Limited and Life-Course-Persistent Theories In her frequently cited 1993 article, “Adolescence-Limited and Life-Course-Persistent Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Taxonomy,” Terri Moffitt presented two theories meant to explain the behavior of youths who (1) commit antisocial acts in their adolescent years that continue into adulthood; and (2) only commit antisocial acts during their adolescent years.

Rushton agrees with the hypothesis that all humans came out of Africa. It is his contention, however, that there was a split of the population before humans left Africa. This split is responsible for the current position of blacks, whites, and Asians. As he sees it, those who stayed in Africa (now referred to as black people) were subjected to unpredictable droughts and deadly diseases, which caused them to die young (Rushton 1999, pp. 84–5). Those who migrated to Eurasia (now referred to as whites and Asians) had to deal with other concerns, such as “gathering and storing food, providing shelter, making clothes, and raising children during the long winters” (p.

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