By Charles Thomas Johnson
From its founding in 1901 to its dying in 1918, the nationwide German-American Alliance sought to maintain and advertise elements of German tradition in the US. because the association grew in dimension and scope, it more and more chanced on itself drawn into a number of the extra arguable political, social, and diplomatic problems with the days. This learn is the 1st to chronicle the seventeen-year background of the association. It additionally examines how the Alliance's efforts function an instance of the numerous difficulties confronted by means of an ethnic association trying to shield its cultural identification within the risky setting that may be American democracy.
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Extra info for Culture at Twilight: The National German-American Alliance, 1901-1918
23 Prescott F. Hall, Immigration and Its Affects Upon the United States (New York, H. Holt and Company, 1906), 268– 269. 24 Grundsätze und Verfassung, 3. 25 No direct mention is made of prohibition in the convention minutes, nor is the issue addressed in Godsho’s, Chronological History, and Heinrici’s “ Der Deutsch-Amerikanische Nationalbundes. . ,” both of which covered the 1901 convention. , (23 February– 13 April, 1918), 341. Hereafter known as: The National German-American Alliance: Hearings.
On various occasions representatives from the brewing and liquor interests, bottle manufacturers, and private citizens also testified. On the other side at these hearings, representatives from the Anti-Saloon League, Women’s Christian Temperance Union, various church groups, and private citizens all spoke of the need to pass prohibition legislation. Both sides represented a cross-section of upper-to-middle class America. Their arguments, both for and against, demonstrated the complex nature of the debate as they raised the moral, social, cultural, economic, and constitutional issues involved.
Another issue that surfaced was the question of exactly what constituted German culture in America. For some members it was all encompassing, ranging from intellectual contributions to beer-drinking. This group, the more radical wing of the organization best exemplified by the Pennsylvania branch, viewed it as the mission of the NGAA to act as guardian and watchdog over all aspects of German culture in America. To accomplish this task they felt that the Alliance should utilize every weapon possible so long as it remained within the law— even going so far as to influence elections.