By Ritva Leppihalme
This paintings specializes in translators and readers as individuals within the communicative technique, the place using allusions is one form of challenge to be solved. Reader-response assessments and interviews with expert translators spotlight the trouble in conveying the functionality and which means of allusive passages to readers in one other tradition. the various examples mentioned additionally supply fabrics for translation academics eager to handle the interpretation of allusions of their classes.
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Extra resources for Culture Bumps: An Empirical Approach to the Translation of Allusions (Topics in Translation , No 10)
Applied translation studies frequently focus on cross-cultural communication, drawing on discourse analysis and pragmatics (cf. Delisle, 1988: 78-79). A long list of articles by practising translators and critics shows that practitioners, too, share this interest in the intercultural aspects of translation. This may be partly because of the increased translation into major languages of literary works written in languages of limited diffusion, and partly because of a psychological and pragmatic interest in cross-cultural phenomena.
Typologies of various sorts have been constructed both by literary scholars (for example Fontanier, 1968, Morier, 1961) and by linguisticians (for example Dittgen, 1989 on wordplay). Wilss (1989: 18) found, while considering his large corpus, that the immense variety of allusions means that it is not possible to construct an abstract ideal typology. 9. The inclusion of stereotyped allusions can be justified on the grounds that a translator who is unaware of the allusive origin of such a phrase might be puzzled or even misled by the seemingly inexplicable meaning of one of its component parts (such as the adjectivefell in at one fell swoop) in the alluding context.
It grew out of experiences in teaching translation at the Helsinki University English department. Over and over again I was struck by the difficulty my Finnish students tended to have with source-cultural allusions in British and American fiction and journalism. 'Getting it' was a problem for most, and finding a translation strategy that would convey the half-hidden meaning to target-language readers was inevitably the next problem. I decided to try to explore the function and meaning of allusions in source texts as well as a translator's strategies for coping with them.