Defending Rorty : pragmatism and liberal virtue by Curtis, William McAllister; Rorty, Richard; Rorty, Richard

By Curtis, William McAllister; Rorty, Richard; Rorty, Richard

Liberal democracy wishes a clear-eyed, strong safety to house the more and more advanced demanding situations it faces within the twenty-first century. regrettably a lot of up to date liberal concept has rejected this endeavour for worry of showing culturally hegemonic. as a substitute, liberal theorists have sought to intestine liberalism of its moral substance to be able to render it extra tolerant of non-liberal methods of existence. This theoretical attempt is faulty, even if, simply because profitable liberal democracy is an ethically-demanding political regime that calls for its citizenry to demonstrate yes virtues and behavior of brain. opposed to the grain of latest idea, thinker Richard Rorty blends American pragmatism and romanticism to supply a entire imaginative and prescient of liberal modernity that includes a virtue-based belief of liberal democracy. In doing so, Rorty defends his pragmatic liberalism opposed to a bunch of outstanding interlocutors, together with Charles Taylor, Nancy Fraser, Hilary Putnam, Richard J. Bernstein, and Jean Bethke Elshtain

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John Rawls, “Justice as Fairness: Political, Not Metaphysical,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (Summer 1985), 246. Rawls, “Reply to Habermas,” in Political Liberalism, 375. John Tomasi, Beyond Liberal Justice (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001), 8. Introduction 17 cannot agree. People who disagree about religious beliefs or other commitments must regard common political principles as regulative of all their interactions with others. 49 It is in Rawls’s liberal, democratically deliberative public sphere, after all, that the line between what will be tolerated and what won’t be is continually determined; comprehensive doctrines with their associated practices are thereby judged and approved, or disapproved, by liberal “political” morality.

He comes to claim that he is primarily “anticlerical” rather than anti-religion, which means that he is critical not so much of religious belief, but rather of religious institutions that aspire to wield authority over believers and urge them to take illiberal political positions. Even more intriguing, some commentators noticed that Rorty began using religious language in his descriptions of his hopes for American democracy. As we shall see, however, there remains a tension in Rorty’s thinking on this score, and claims that Rorty makes a proreligion “turn” are exaggerated.

20 Defending Rorty meet the challenges nonliberal cultures present to them. 63 We need liberal theory that is ethically robust enough to bolster liberalism’s “will and coherence,” and inspire people to defend it against its enemies. Rorty’s virtue liberalism fits the bill by insisting on the ebullient romantic potential of the liberal way of life while, of course, avoiding unreflective political enthusiasm or jingoism, as any liberalism must. Ironically, if one listens closely enough, one can detect in minimalist liberal theory echoes of the traditional Enlightenment premise that human reason naturally tends toward liberal morality.

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