By P. L. Emiliani (auth.), P. L. Emiliani (eds.)
This ebook is predicated at the papers provided on the Workshop on "Rehabilitation of the Visually Impaired" held in Flo rence on the Institute for the study on Electromagnetic Waves of the Italian examine Council on April 4-6, 1984. The Workshop, backed by means of the Committee for scientific and Public future health examine of the fee of the eu groups, used to be intended to switch rules concerning the want, significance and feasibility of a ecu cooperation within the box of visible impairment and to spot promising study parts, the place present nationwide actions may well benefit from this sort of collaboration to be able to elevate their potency. specifically, it handled the boost ment and use of technical aids (mainly according to desktops and sign processing innovations) and with the elaboration, evaluate and standardization of recent tools and checks. The attendance was once multidisciplinary, together with researchers from the fields of know-how, medication and psychology and representatives from corporations concerned about the rehabi litation of the visually impaired. 5 technical classes have been prepared, facing the subsequent themes: automated creation of Braille and structures for paperless Braille, aids for interpreting and for the interplay with coded informa tion resources, low imaginative and prescient aids, transduction of visible infor mation right into a tactile illustration, mobility aids. 3 assorted software sectors have been normally thought of: schooling and tradition, vocational education, mobility. a last consultation was once dedicated to a dialogue in operating teams. the consequences are in short defined within the following concise record of the Workshop.
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In addition to both ordinary and special composition codes (paragraph, subsection, number) you have many more editorial control codes than for ordinary texts. Most of the composition codes and the editorial ones cannot be translated automatically into equivalent braille codes. The Danish experience, so far, is that such texts and for textbooks in general, the required lay-out in print as in braille is the greatest obstacle for an automatic production from compositors tapes. In order to produce a satisfactory brailly copy of the "Schultz"texts and simular ones a great deal of human intervention has been required.
A system for transcribing mathematics into Braille" SIGCAPH Newsletter (ACH) 1983, N°31. TRUQUET r·1. "The automatic transcription of French ink-print into Braille" Research Bulletin, r1arch 1974. cr1, N°20, 1976 "Braille at ROBIA Center" tnternational Conference on "Computerized Braille Production - TODAY and TOMORROt-l" - LONnoT':'! - ENGLAND, May 1979. a ADDRESSES: Aid Electronic G'-1BH t'rilhe1m von Siemens Strasse Hi/18 d 1000 BERLIN 48. S. o. SBERG - NORWAY. CLARK AND SMITH ~1anufacturing Co l;td r·1e1bourne House, Tvlelbourne Road ~lALLINGTON, SURREY, ENGLAND.
This presentation often contains essential information for the sighted which is lost to the blind user because of the change of format involved using Braille output. In some instances this information can be transmitted to the blind by delivering the texts on tactile lines which have been adapted to match the screen size. I am thinking here of a double row of 2 X 40 symbols. And yet, the essential overall view of the individual parts of the data presented is lost to the blind user. Furthemore, there is the difficulty of reading columns of numbers.