By S.J. Connolly
For eire the 17th and eighteenth centuries have been an period marked by way of battle, fiscal transformation, and the making and remaking of identities. through the 1630s the period of wars of conquest appeared firmly some time past. however the British civil wars of the mid-seventeenth century fractured either Protestant and Catholic eire alongside traces outlined via assorted mixtures of spiritual and political allegiance. Later, after 1688, eire grew to become the battlefield for what used to be differently Britain's cold (and so wonderful) Revolution. The eighteenth century, in contrast, used to be a interval of peace, allowing eire to emerge, first as a dynamic actor within the becoming Atlantic financial system, then because the breadbasket for industrialising Britain. yet on the finish of the century, opposed to a historical past of foreign revolution, new different types of non secular and political clash got here jointly to supply one other interval of multi-sided clash. The Act of Union, swiftly brought within the aftermath of civil struggle, ensured that eire entered the 19th century nonetheless divided, yet not a country.
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Additional resources for Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630-1800 (Oxford History of Early Modern Europe)
Ussher and other bishops also fought a rearguard action against the theological uniformity imposed in Convocation by requiring clergy admitted to their dioceses to subscribe not just to the 39 Articles but also to the Irish articles of 1615. To counter this sort of passive resistance Wentworth and Laud could exploit the crown’s right of appointment to senior positions. After 1634 Bramhall, the deputy’s ﬁrst protégé, took effective charge of the management of the Irish church, while Ussher, from 1636 resident in Drogheda rather than Dublin, concentrated on his theological and historical researches and on the management of his own diocese.
Edward Hawkins (London, 1844), 139–40; The Life of Mr Robert Blair, ed. Thomas M‘Crie (Edinburgh, 1848), 80; Two Biographies of William Bedell, Bishop of Kilmore, ed. E. S. Shuckburgh (Cambridge, 1902), 152–4. ²⁶ John Atherton, who as sub-dean took a lead in these innovations, went on in 1635 to become bishop of Waterford and Lismore. In 1638 Chappell was promoted to the bishopric of Cork and Ross, while remaining provost of Trinity. Meanwhile George Webb, a former chaplain to Charles I, had become bishop of Limerick in 1634.
242–4. ), Political Thought in Seventeenth-Century Ireland (Cambridge, 2000), 40. The Crisis of Composite Monarchy 33 equity and other agencies cited by the judges as authorizing differences in practice between the two kingdoms, their proceedings were ‘bounded and controlled by the rules of the common law’, like rivers within their banks. ⁴⁷ At this stage the main concern of Darcy and others, like that of their counterparts in England, was with the need to reafﬁrm the legal restraints on the use of executive authority.