By Roger C. Riddell
International relief is now a $100bn enterprise and is increasing extra speedily at the present time than it has for a iteration. yet does it paintings? certainly, is it wanted at all?
different makes an attempt to respond to this crucial query were ruled by means of a spotlight at the effect of reputable reduction supplied by way of governments. yet at the present time almost certainly up to 30 percentage of reduction is equipped by way of Non-Governmental enterprises (NGOs), and over 10 percentage is supplied as emergency assistance.
during this first-ever try to offer an total evaluate of relief, Roger Riddell provides a rigorous yet hugely readable account of reduction, warts and all. Does overseas relief fairly Work? units out the facts and exposes the cases the place reduction has failed and explains why. The publication additionally examines the way in which that politics distorts relief, and disentangles the ethical and moral assumptions that lie in the back of the idea that reduction does solid. The e-book concludes through detailing the sensible ways in which reduction must switch whether it is to be the powerful strength for solid that its companies declare it really is
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Extra resources for Does foreign aid really work?
Part II countries consist of the more advanced developing nations and ‘countries and territories in transition’. 1 THE DEFINITION OF OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE (ODA) ODA consists of ﬂows to developing countries and multilateral institutions provided by ofﬁcial agencies, including state and local governments, or by their executive agencies, each transaction of which meets the following two criteria: (1) it is administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries as its main objective, and (2) it is concessional in character and contains a grant element of at least 25 per cent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 per cent).
Careful analysis of the massive jump in aid—from $80bn in 2004 to over $100bn in 2005—showed that the additional aid provided was absorbed almost entirely in debt relief, emergency aid and other special-purpose grants, leaving next to no additional aid for recipient countries to further their development goals (World Bank 2006c: 81). However, the current revival could be different in one key respect from earlier decades. Development and development aid used to be relatively minor concerns of governments, managed and overseen by small departments or agencies of government.
1. Not only has ODA continued to expand over the past 55 years, but it has grown to become a key part of the architecture of international relations, as more and more countries have become donors, and none has stopped providing aid. There have been short periods of stagnation of ODA (from the THE EARLY DECADES OF AID-GIVING 23 mid-1960s to the mid-1970s), periods of rapid expansion (in the mid- to late 1970s, the mid- to late 1980s and the post-1997 period), and two small periods and one longer period of decline in aid levels (in the early 1970s and 1980s, and for much of the 1990s).