Dualism in Qumran by Geza G. Xeravits

By Geza G. Xeravits

This can be an evaluate of dualistic pondering within the Qumran fabric written by means of major individuals within the mild of 2 a long time of Qumran study. the significance of dualistic pondering in the ''Dead Sea Scrolls'' has continuously been emphasized in ''Qumran Studies''. however, within the final 20 years the learn on Qumran dualism turns out to were at the margins of scholarly curiosity. the most results of modern study during this region is help for the conviction that one can't postulate compelling doctrines within the 'theology of Qumran' - the gang didn't wish to strengthen a cosmopolitan doctrinal method; relatively, they accumulated and mediated a variety of elements of the theology in their instances. given that almost all of the Qumran fabric has been released, it's now apposite to guage a number of oft-debated themes of scholarly examine. The topic of 'dualism in Qumran' is one such region short of clean research. The members of the current quantity commence this paintings and open up new fields that may stimulate additional mirrored image at the challenge, assessing such matters as: the beginning of Qumran's dualism; the literary progress of the passages in query; and the social/ideological surroundings of the dualistic passages in the Qumran Library. ''The Library of moment Temple Studies'' is a most excellent publication sequence that gives state of the art paintings for a readership of students, academics, postgraduate scholars and complex undergraduates within the box of moment Temple reports. all of the many and various facets of moment Temple learn are represented and promoted, together with cutting edge paintings from old views, stories utilizing social-scientific and literary conception, and constructing theological, cultural and contextual ways.

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21 Those ideas that were incompatible with significant concepts of Jewish belief were duly eradicated. The foreign ideas that served the Jews as enhancements of their belief were integrated into their theology, but only after possibly harmful customs and ideologies were purged and the ideas adapted to their fundamental beliefs. For example, the Jews bury the dead, since not burying them pollutes the land (Deut. 21:23), whereas the Persians do not bury them to avoid the pollution of the land. 22 They adopted the labels, but not the essence:23 the names were given a different meaning.

J. Goff, Discerning Wisdom: The Sapiential Literature of the Dead Sea Scrolls (VTSup 116, Leiden: Brill 2007); D. J. Harrington, Wisdom Texts from Qumran (LDSS, London: Routledge 1996); S. White Crawford, ‘Lady Wisdom and Dame Folly at Qumran,’ DSD 5 (1998) 355–66. 26 This text is best known for its beatitudes that are reminiscent of the Sermon of the Mount and its explicit identification of wisdom as the Torah (4Q525 2 ii + 3 3–4). See É. XVIII: Textes Hébreux (4Q521–4Q528, 4Q576–4Q579) (DJD 25, Oxford: Clarendon 1998) 115–78; idem, ‘The collection of beatitudes in Hebrew and in Greek (4Q525 1–4 and Mt 5,3–12),’ in Early Christianity in Context (eds F.

The Treatise similarly recounts the spread of truth after the destruction of injustice: at the ‘appointed time of the visitation he will obliterate it forever. Then truth shall rise up forever (in) the world (lbt tm) xcnl )ct z))’ (1QS iv 18–19). The dualism of Mysteries is not nearly as extreme as that of the Treatise. The imagery of light and darkness in this work is explicitly associated with the moment of judgment and its aftermath, not the normative created order (cf. 4Q299 6 ii 10). 39 Studies of this text include Goff, Discerning Wisdom, 69–103; E.

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