By Vladimir D. Shiltsev
This booklet presents a accomplished assessment of the working rules and know-how of electron lenses in supercolliders. Electron lenses are a unique software for prime power particle accelerators, quite for the energy-frontier superconducting hadron colliders, together with the Tevatron, RHIC, LHC and destiny very huge hadron colliders. After reviewing the problems surrounding beam dynamics in supercolliders, the e-book bargains an advent to the electron lens strategy and its software. additional chapters describe the know-how at the back of the electron lenses that have lately been proposed, equipped and hired for repayment of beam-beam results and for collimation of high-energy high-intensity beams, for repayment of space-charge results and several functions in accelerators. The publication may be a useful source for these thinking about the layout, development and operation of the subsequent iteration of hadron colliders.
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V. Shiltsev, in Proceedings of the CARE-HHH-APD Workshop on Finalizing the Roadmap for the Upgrade of the CERN and GSI Accelerator Complex BEAM07 (CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, October 2007), CERN-2008-005 (2008), p. 46 78. G. , FERMILAB-TM-2572-APC (2014) 79. V. Shiltsev, in Proceedings of the CARE-HHH-APD Workshop on Finalizing the Roadmap for the Upgrade of the CERN and GSI Accelerator Complex BEAM07 (CERN, Geneva, October 2007), CERN-2008-005 (2008), p. 16 80. A. Valishev, G. Stancari, FERMILAB-TM-2571-APC (2013) 24 1 Introduction 81.
24)—and the coupling grows proportionally. Particles in the head and in the tail of the high energy bunch change their positions while performing synchrotron oscillations, thus an average coupling effect is about half of the maximum coupling spread. The average coupling can be corrected in the machine, but there are no available tools to compensate the spread in the coupling. Therefore the coupling spread has to be small enough in order not to affect the antiproton beam dynamics. 001. 1 depends on the ratio of the electron and (anti)proton beam sizes.