By Dr Susanne Winkler
Masking linguistic study on empty different types over greater than 3 many years, this monograph offers the results of an in-depth syntactic and focus-theoretical research of ellipsis in generative grammar. The phenomenon of ellipsis most widely refers back to the omission of linguistic fabric, constitution and sound. The principal objective of this publication is to give an explanation for at the foundation of linguistic theorizing of the way it's attainable that we comprehend greater than we really pay attention. the reply constructed all through this booklet is that ellipsis is an interface phenomenon that may basically be defined at the foundation of the advanced interplay among syntax, semantics and knowledge constitution. students of grammar and cognitive scientists will benefit from examining this e-book.
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Extra resources for Ellipsis and Focus in Generative Grammar
MANNY called Ben an IDIOT, but I don't know who ELSE called Ben an idiot. b. Manny called BEN an idiot, but I don't know who ELSE Manny called an idiot. In each of the above elliptical constructions in English, part of the second conjunct is omitted but still interpretable at LF. In this respect the mere occurrence of ellipsis is a challenge to our understanding of the architecture of grammar, conceived of in terms of the MP-version of the T- The derivational model 21 Model as in (8), where the most powerful constraint, the Principle of Full Interpretation (PFI), requires all PF/LF symbols to have interpretations at the PF/LF interface levels (Chomsky 1995).
A'. but Bill doesn't [Vp like flying planes]]. b. but Bill doesn't [ w like [5 PRO flying planes]]. b'. but Bill doesn't [vp Hke P-RO flying planes]]. (examples from Sag 1976) Following the basic insights of Sag (1976, 1977), Tancredi observes that although the first conjunct is two-ways ambiguous between an NPcomplement reading and a gerund reading, the resulting elliptical examples in (6a', b') are also only two-ways (and not four-ways) ambiguous. Tancredi's particular claim is that similar conditions hold not only with respect to ellipsis but also with respect to deaccentuation, as in (6a, b).
Furthermore, cycle 1 determines whether a phase needs to be sent on to the second cycle on the basis of the presence or absence of formal features. The second cycle (cycle 2) checks the grammatical status of the constituents in the phase. It identifies uninterpretable features that lead to syntactic displacement and word order variation. As a general rule for English, cycle 2 interprets displaced constituents to a sentential initial position as either Contrastive Focus (CF) or Contrastive Topic (CT) at SSI.