By Brian C. Etheridge
On the shut of global battle II, the USA went from being allied with the Soviet Union opposed to Germany to alignment with the Germans opposed to the Soviet Union―almost in a single day. whereas many americans got here to understand the German humans as democrats status company with their Western allies at the entrance traces of the chilly struggle, others have been cautious of a renewed 3rd Reich and considered all Germans as nascent Nazis bent on global domination. those antagonistic views extra measurably to the ambience of worry and mistrust that outlined the chilly War.
In Enemies to Allies, Brian C. Etheridge examines multiple hundred years of yankee interpretations and representations of Germany. With a specific specialize in the postwar interval, he demonstrates how a wide range of actors―including distinctive curiosity teams and US and West German policymakers―employed strong narratives to steer public opinion and accomplish their international coverage targets. Etheridge additionally analyses bestselling books, renowned tv indicates corresponding to Hogan's Heroes, and award-winning video clips similar to Schindler's List to bare how narratives concerning the 3rd Reich and chilly warfare Germany have been synthetic, contested, and co-opted as rival viewpoints competed for legitimacy.
From the Holocaust to the Berlin Wall, Etheridge explores the contingent nature of a few of the main effective ethical symbols and photographs of the second one 1/2 the 20th century. This groundbreaking examine attracts from theories of public reminiscence and public international relations to illustrate how conflicting US debts of German historical past function a window for knowing not just American id, yet diplomacy and country strength.
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Extra resources for Enemies to Allies: Cold War Germany and American Memory
Officials of the German government were all too aware of the negative impact of their actions on American narratives of Germanness; as a result, this period witnessed the emergence of a powerful new voice articulating narratives of Germany: Germany’s own public diplomacy. Seeking to capitalize on the perceived superiority of German Kultur, the empire tried a number of tactics to improve American perceptions of Germany but failed in the end. 5 million Germans left the Fatherland, with over 95 percent coming to the United States—it did significantly affect how German Americans thought about themselves and their old home.
But in general, Americans during this period focused less on the German propensity for economic productivity, as had been the focus during the colonial period, and more on their own political experiment. As a result, Americans interpreted the Germans more in cultural and political terms, especially in light of their perceived potential for democracy. In all, Americans tended to take a negative view of the German proclivity for liberty in general and American democracy in particular. They often tied notions of vigor and individuality to their ideas of democracy, and in these they found the Germans generally wanting.
Kuhn liked to ape der Führer, and by the late 1930s, when the Nazi leadership realized that Deutschtum was not being revived, his antics were viewed as anathema. ” By 1937, Kuhn accomplished “what . . 49 The most effective narrative about the bund was the groundbreaking Warner Bros. movie Confessions of a Nazi Spy. The first anti-Nazi film produced in the United States, Confessions of a Nazi Spy was based on a 1938 court trial in New York in which four individuals were convicted of spying. , already well known for its antifascist sympathies, sent writer Milton Krims to cover the trial and write a screenplay based on its proceedings.