By Ulrich H. Reichard, Hirohisa Hirai, Claudia Barelli
This quantity offers perception into gibbon vitamin and neighborhood ecology, the mating method and copy, and conservation biology, all subject matters which characterize components of considerable development in realizing socio-ecological flexibility and conservation wishes of the hylobatid family members. This paintings analyzes hylobatid evolution by way of synthesizing contemporary and ongoing reviews of molecular phylogeny, morphology, and cognition in a framework of gibbon and siamang evolution. With its essentially assorted point of view, this booklet is written to be learn, referenced, and further to the bookshelves of scientists, librarians, and the public.
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Molecular strategies are proving beneficial in selecting the phylogenetic prestige of doubtless endangered species, for investigating mechanisms of speciation, and for measuring the genetic constitution of populations. it's more and more vital for ecologists and evolutionary and conservation biologists to appreciate and use such molecular ideas, yet such a lot employees in those components haven't been educated in molecular biology.
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Additional resources for Evolution of Gibbons and Siamang: Phylogeny, Morphology, and Cognition
2004; Edwards et al. 2011). It is home to 5 of the 25 regionally deﬁned biodiversity hotpots (comprising Sundaland, Wallacea, Philippines, Indo-Burma and South-Central China: Myers et al. 2000) and as such contains exceptional concentrations of endemic species which are undergoing extensive habitat loss. In light of the rapid rate of deforestation, and the high concentration of endemic species in the region, it is predicted that Southeast Asia could lose 13–42 % of local populations by the end of this century, at least 50 % of which could represent global species extinction (Brook et al.
Academic Press Elsevier, Amsterdam Flower BP, Kennett JP (1994) The middle Miocene climatic transition: east Antarctica ice sheet development, deep ocean circulation and global carbon cycling. Paleogeogr Paleoclimatol Paelaeocol 108:537–555 Foster JB (1964) Evolution of mammals on islands. Nature 202:234–235 Gebo DL (1996) Climbing, brachiation, and terrestrial quadrupedalism: historical precursors of hominid bipedalism. Am J Phys Anthropol 101:55–92 Geissmann T (1993) Evolution of communication in gibbons (hylobatidae).
2). Given that such data are broadly congruent with the distribution of older Pliocene and Quaternary fossil gibbon records (Jablonski 1993; Jablonski et al. 2000; Jablonski and Chaplin 2009), hylobatids either remained widely distributed over southern China throughout Pleistocene-Holocene climatic cycles or were able to re-colonize this region relatively rapidly following periods of adverse climate (Chatterjee et al. 2012). Present-day distribution of hylobatids in China, as elsewhere, has been dramatically affected by widespread habitat loss, along with other population stressors such as poaching.