Foundations of Systematics and Biogeography by David M. Williams, Visit Amazon's Malte C. Ebach Page,

By David M. Williams, Visit Amazon's Malte C. Ebach Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Malte C. Ebach, , G. Nelson

Anyone attracted to comparative biology or the background of technological know-how will locate this myth-busting paintings certainly attention-grabbing. It attracts recognition to the seminal reports and significant advances that experience formed systematic and biogeographic considering. It strains ideas in homology and category from the nineteenth century to the current throughout the provision of a different anthology of medical writings from Goethe, Agassiz, Owen, Naef, Zangerl and Nelson, between others.

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An archetype may be visualised in our mind’s eye or discovered from new specimens, such as fossils. Archaeopteryx is a classic example in that it has both “reptilian” and avian characteristics, but is not an archetype. The archetype, although able to be seen in our mind’s eye by the known forms that appear in other individuals, does not exist as an individual organism: We make sense of archetype by relating the parts. Therefore, Archaeopteryx relates avian wings with other birds that together are part of the “Bird Archetype”.

If “Evolution is paraphyly all the way”, then there is a real problem to be addressed. That problem may relate to either “evolution” itself or “paraphyly”. We suggest it resides with the latter, the non-existence of paraphyletic groups, these non-groups as ancestors and the lack of credibility given to the almost obvious notion that “from nothing, nothing comes” (Nelson et al. 2003: 297). The study of evolution need not be pursued only by a search for the origin of things— especially from non-things (Chapter 13).

Be that as it may, we believe that the following question remains unanswered, or at least has not hitherto been fully articulated. Relative to the Cladistic Parameter, is there a “unit” of classification or a “unit” of phylogeny, derivable from our understanding of homologues (the parts of organisms) and, ultimately, of homology (their relationship)? The idea that there might be a basic “unit” for classification (and phylogeny) will be either appealing or irrelevant, depending on one’s point of view (cf.

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