By Raymond F. Bulman, Frederick J. Parrella, Jill Raitt
The second one Vatican Council was once convened by way of Pope John XXIII among 1962 and 1965. It marked a primary shift towards the fashionable Church and its far-reaching techniques changed or significantly replaced the various practices, principles, and attitudes that had ruled Catholic lifestyles and tradition because the Council of Trent within the 16th century. during this booklet a extraordinary group of historians and theologians deals an neutral research of the connection among Vatican II and Trent by way of studying such concerns as Eucharistic theology, liturgical swap, clerical reform, the laity, the function of ladies, marriage, confession, devotion to Mary, and interfaith realizing. because the first publication to provide any such complete research of the relationship among the 2 nice Councils, this is often a useful source for college students, theologians, and church historians, in addition to for bishops, clergy, and spiritual educators.
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Additional resources for From Trent to Vatican II: Historical and Theological Investigations
21. Michael J. Walsh, “The History of the Council,” in Modern Catholicism: Vatican II and After, ed. Adrian Hastings (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), 36. 22. Jedin, Crisis and Closure, 164. 23. Jedin, Vaticanum II und Tridentinum, 10. See also A. D. Wright, “The Signiﬁcance of the Council of Trent,” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 26, 4 (1975): 354, who claims that even at the Council of Trent, certain leading fathers had “individual sympathies” for the Protestant position. 24. Jedin, Vaticanum II und Tridentinum, cites John’s opening address to the Council in which he calls for “misericordiae medicinam, potius quam severitatis arma,” 9.
Nonetheless, the Council had repeatedly reafﬁrmed its promise not to intervene in unresolved questions of faith among loyal Catholics. It thus displayed a pluralism that now seemed destined to disappear together with the generation that had lived through the Council and all its accompanying troubles. In the ﬁnal moments of the sixteenth century, pressure from the Protestants, incipient stirrings of a non-Christian culture, and ultimately drastic social changes aroused sentiments of fear, defensiveness, and arrogant superiority in various Catholic circles.
34 The esteemed Jesuit vigorously emphasized the precarious state of the Council’s implementation. For example, he notiﬁed Clement VIII of six deﬁciencies in the reform process: (1) too many dioceses were still vacant; (2) many appointments were second-rate, and seemed prompted by the desire to place particular people in good churches, and not the reverse; (3) many bishops still did not live in residence; (4) many in fact still held more than one diocese; (5) too many bishops were too frequently transferred; (6) resignations due to personal interests were routinely accepted.