By Linus Pauling
When it used to be first released, this first-year chemistry textual content revolutionized the instructing of chemistry by way of featuring it when it comes to unifying ideas rather than as a physique of unrelated evidence. these ideas incorporated glossy theories of atomic and molecular constitution, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics. moreover, Dr. Pauling tried to correlate the theories with descriptive chemistry, the saw houses of drugs, to introduce the coed to the multitude of chemical compounds and their properties.
In this greatly revised and up-to-date 3rd variation, the Nobel Prize–winning writer continues a great stability among theoretical and descriptive fabric, even though the quantity of descriptive chemistry has been reduced a bit, and the presentation of the topic, in particular in terms of the nonmetals, has been revised in one of these approach as to allow higher correlation with the digital constitution of atoms, specifically electronegativity.
The ideas of quantum mechanics are mentioned at the foundation of the de Broglie wavelength of the electron. The quantized strength degrees of a particle in a field are derived through an easy assumption in regards to the relation of the de Broglie waves to the partitions of the field. No test is made to resolve the Schrödinger wave equation for different structures, however the wave capabilities of hydrogen-like electrons are awarded and mentioned in a few aspect, and the quantum states for different platforms also are coated. Statistical mechanics is brought sooner than thermodynamics, and the dialogue of thermodynamics relies on it. This association displays the author's trust that starting scholars can comprehend statistical mechanics higher than chemical thermodynamics.
Aimed at first-year students who plan to significant in chemistry or heavily similar fields, the ebook is written in a logical, transparent, and comprehensible sort. additionally, many fantastic figures are integrated, besides a number of difficulties and seventy five pages of appendices protecting such themes as symmetry of molecules and crystals, hybrid bond orbitals, and magnetic homes of substances.
Read Online or Download General Chemistry PDF
Best general & reference books
This sequence offers an invaluable, applications-oriented discussion board for the subsequent new release of macromolecules and fabrics. functions contain non-linear optical fabrics, forte magnetic fabrics, liquid crystals, anticancer and antiviral medications, remedy of arthritis, antibacterial medicines, antifouling fabrics, therapy of sure nutrition deficiencies, electric conductors and semiconductors, piezoelectronic fabrics, electrodes, UV absorption purposes, super-strength fabrics, detailed lubricants and gaskets, selective catalytic and multi-site catalytic brokers.
Here’s an attractive statistic: greater than half all chemists paintings on a few element of polymers. for top institution lecturers who are looking to introduce polymer technological know-how fundamentals, houses, and makes use of, this booklet is uniquely helpful—much deeper than easy monographs or collections of experiments, yet even more available than collage texts.
Simplifying the complicated chemical reactions that occur in daily during the well-stated solutions for greater than six hundred universal chemistry questions, this reference is the go-to consultant for college students and execs alike. The ebook covers every little thing from the background, significant personalities, and groundbreaking reactions and equations in chemistry to laboratory ideas all through background and the most recent advancements within the box.
Great fresh booklet
Extra resources for General Chemistry
One atmosphere is equal to 760 torr. The Nature When of a Liquid iodine crystals are heated to 114°C they melt, forming liquid The temperature at which the crystals and the liquid are in equiwhich there is no tendency for the crystals to melt or for the liquid to freeze— is called the melting point of the crystals, and the freezing point of the liquid. This temperature is 1 14°C for iodine. Liquid iodine differs from solid iodine (crystals) mainly in its fluidity. 2 cm 3 but it does not have a definite shape; instead, it fits itself to the shape of the bottom part of its container.
The Electron^ the Nuclei of Atoms, and the Photon 40 3-1. The Nature [Chap. 3] of Electricity The ancient Greeks knew that when a piece of amber is rubbed with wool or fur it achieves the power of attracting light objects, such as feathers or bits of straw. The phenomenon was studied by William Gilbert (15401603), Queen Elizabeth Fs physician, who invented the adjective electric to describe the force of attraction, after the Greek word elektron, meaning amber. Gilbert and many other scientists, including Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), investigated electric phenomena, and during the nineteenth century many discoveries were made about the nature of electricity and of magnetism (which is closely related to electricity).
Particles of such as the cubic Sometimes these single crystals are very large; occasionally crystals of minerals several meters in diameter are found in nature. In our discussion we an example. Crystals of copper on edge, as shown in Figure 2-1, are found in shall use copper as as large as a centimeter The Description of a Crystal Structure [2-5] deposits of copper ore. An 21 ordinary piece of the metal copper does not consist of a single crystal of copper, but of an aggregate of crystals. The specimen of a metal can be made clearly visible by polishing the surface of the metal, and then etching the metal slightly with an acid.