By Richard F. Grossman(eds.)
Here's your place to begin and entire consultant to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) formula. It covers the fundamentals of vinyl formula, beginning formulations for compounds, and the newest compounding parts. for the reason that ebook of the acclaimed first version, a regular reference utilized by vinyl technologists world wide, there were many new advancements in vinyl formula in addition to new discoveries and insights into the underlying mechanisms. it is all lined the following within the moment variation, in a single hugely readable, expertly equipped volume.Content:
Chapter 1 formula improvement (pages 1–12): Edward J. Wickson and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 2 Resin choice for PVC functions (pages 13–56): Paul Kroushl
Chapter three PVC targeted items (pages 57–75): J. R. Goots, Michael P. Moore, Kenneth B. Szoc, Richard J. Burns and James H. Bly
Chapter four Antidegradants (pages 77–134): George W. Thacker, Richard F. Grossman and John T. Lutz
Chapter five Colorants for Vinyl (pages 135–150): William R. Mathew and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 6 Fillers and Reinforcements for PVC (pages 151–171): Sara Robinson, Thomas H. Ferrigno and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 7 Monomeric Plasticizers (pages 173–238): Allen D. Godwin and Leonard G. Krauskopf
Chapter eight uniqueness Plasticizers (pages 239–286): William D. Arendt and Makarand Joshi
Chapter nine Formulating Vinyl for Flame Resistance (pages 287–304): Paul Y. Moy
Chapter 10 influence amendment (pages 305–313): Mark T. Berard and C. Michael Vanek
Chapter eleven Processing Aids for PVC (pages 315–326): C. Michael Vanek and Mark T. Berard
Chapter 12 Lubricants and comparable ingredients (pages 327–370): Richard F. Grossman
Chapter thirteen Plastisol know-how (pages 371–377): Ashok Shah, B. Mikofalvy, L. Horvath and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 14 Formulating elevated items (pages 379–391): Jeremy H. Exelby, R. R. Puri, David M. Henshaw and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 15 Alloys and Blends (pages 393–402): Michael okay. Stockdale, Robert S. Brookman and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter sixteen Flame Retardants and Smoke Suppressants (pages 403–414): John C. Morley and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 17 Vinyl wooden Fiber Composites (pages 415–432): Laurent M. Matuana and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 18 Laboratory equipment (pages 433–465): M. Fred Marx, Marvin Whitley, Pierre Verrier and Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 19 Regulatory and Legislative issues Affecting the Plastics undefined: overall healthiness, safeguard, and the surroundings (pages 467–489): Lewis B. Weisfeld
Chapter 20 Formulating versatile PVC for Molding and Coating (pages 491–502): Richard F. Grossman
Chapter 21 Formulating inflexible PVC for Extrusion (pages 503–514): George A. Thacker
Chapter 22 layout of Experiments (pages 515–527): R. J. Del Vecchio
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Additional info for Handbook of Vinyl Formulating, Second Edition
The melt strength of VCT is generally improved by increasing resin molecular weight or decreasing vinyl acetate copolymer content. Another important factor is the degree of compound fusion. If the compound is not well fused, it will have difficulty surviving downstream calendering processes. Once the VCT is formed into a sheet and cut to size, it has to meet certain physical property requirements. Although the extremely high filler loadings in VCT lend good dimensional stability characteristics to the finished product, product made with “frozen-in” stress can undergo dimensional changes, especially at elevated temperatures.
The vinyl acetate present in copolymer resins tends to be a detriment in these areas. Once again, poorly fused products will nullify any potential improvements in impact and abrasion resistance due to increases in resin molecular weight. 2 Solid Vinyl Tile Solid vinyl tile is considered a premium flooring product when compared with vinyl composition tile. It was originally developed as an alternative to rubber tile products, but now also competes with VCT in mid- to high-end applications. Solid vinyl tile has significantly better physical properties than VCT and generally has a wider range of color and styling options.
However, resins with K-values as low as 60 can be found in semirigid blow molding applications. Compound melt viscosity and melt strength can be adjusted by changes in plasticizer level and process conditions; however, altering the resin molecular weight is sometimes the preferred way to adjust these compound characteristics. Resin K-values for flexible injection blow molding applications tend to be lower than those used for extrusion blow molding applications. 1 Resin Selection Issues Common to Most High-Volume Pipe Applications Pipe is the largest product application area for PVC resin and is definitely one of its most competitive applications.