By Janis Bubenko, John Impagliazzo, Arne Soelvberg
Computing within the Nordic international locations begun in past due Nineteen Forties generally as an engineering task to construct computing units to accomplish mathematical calculations and support mathematicians and engineers in clinical challenge fixing. The early desktops of the Nordic nations emerged in the course of the Nineteen Fifties and had names like BARK, BESK, DASK, SMIL, SARA, ESKO, and NUSSE. each one of them turned a nucleus in institutes and centres for mathematical computations programmed and utilized by hugely certified execs. even though, one usually are not omit the punched-card laptop know-how at present that had existed for a number of many years. additionally, we have now a Nordic identify, particularly Frederik Rosing Bull, contributing to the fundaments of punched card expertise and forming the French corporation Bull. advertisement items resembling FACIT EDB and SAAB D20-series desktops in Sweden, the Danish GIER desktop, the Nokia MIKKO machine in Finland, in addition to the pcs of Norsk info in Norway the early desktops. in lots of instances, even though, businesses and associations didn't extra strengthen or make the most Nordic computing undefined, although it exhibited technical benefits. for that reason, within the Seventies, US desktops, basically from IBM, flooded the Nordic industry.
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Additional info for History of Nordic computing : IFIP WG9.7 First Working Conference on the History of Nordic Computing (HiNC1), June 16-18, 2003, Trondheim, Norway
18 Janis Bubenko and Ingemar Dahlstrand JB: Have you followed the way the subject originally called “information processing - particularly administrative data processing methods” has developed and spread in Sweden? At most academy sites nowadays, they call it “informatics”. This has been confused with what Kjell Samuelsson meant by that word. Some departments call it “computer and systems science” and some “information systems”. What do you think is a proper name for the subject? BL: Kjell Samuelsson persuaded me to let him call his part of the subject “informatics”.
ID: The Russians, being good mathematicians, ought to be interested in TAIS. BL: Yes, they usually were, I noticed. TAIS was translated, by the way, not into Russian but into the Slovak language. 18 Janis Bubenko and Ingemar Dahlstrand JB: Have you followed the way the subject originally called “information processing - particularly administrative data processing methods” has developed and spread in Sweden? At most academy sites nowadays, they call it “informatics”. This has been confused with what Kjell Samuelsson meant by that word.
ID: Isn’t it the other way round? Sometimes we have to keep talking even though we are unclear. I do enjoy a piece of the humanities for a change in our very technical environment. Garcia Lorca is a writer known fairly little by us in the North. Do you know Spanish well? 33 34 Professor em. in Informatics, Umeå University. Erik Sandewall, professor in Datalogy, Linköping University. 22 Janis Bubenko and Ingemar Dahlstrand BL: I have read Spanish literature for many years, not just for the sake of learning the language, but also for entering and understanding the cultural environment there.