By Development Assistance Research Associates (DARA)
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Extra info for Humanitarian Response Index 2008: Measuring Commitment to Best Practice
Lastly, if donors are to fully support GHD Principle 6 “allocate humanitarian funding in proportion to needs and on the basis of needs assessments” they could do more to fund and improve the quality of needs assessments, and promote a continual process of monitoring how needs evolve over the course of a crisis. Pillar 2: Supporting local capacity and recovery Pillar 2 Supporting local capacity and long-term recovery is based on the GHD Principles that recognise that an effective emergency response must meet immediate needs, while respecting and building local capacity to cope with crises, and laying the foundation for longer term recovery and development.
As such they are an example for others. Three of the quantitative indicators evaluating the donors’ global funding patterns give mixed results. As a group there is little correlation between donor humanitarian funding and the historical ties and geographic proximity of the recipient country suffering a humanitarian crisis – with the notable exceptions of Japan and Australia which, due to their regional funding policies, score far below the rest of their peers. However, in the indicators measuring funding to forgotten emergencies and those with low media coverage, and the sectoral distribution of funding through UN appeals, as a group donors score more poorly compared to other indicators, with a large variation between the top and bottom ranked donors.
Others donors in this group include Belgium, the United States and Spain. The members of this group have room for improvement in various aspects of their humanitarian assistance policies and practices, and have some way to go before they can be ranked with the top donors. Finally, there is a group of six countries, Japan, Italy, France, Austria, Portugal and Greece, which constitute the bottom of the Index, with scores that are consistently lower than the OECD/DAC average in each of the five Pillars of the HRI.