In Sputnik's shadow: the President's Science Advisory by Zouyue Wang

By Zouyue Wang

In cutting-edge global of speedy developments in technological know-how and know-how, we have to scrutinize greater than ever the historic forces that form our perceptions of what those new probabilities can and can't do for social growth. "In Sputnik's Shadow" offers a lens to just do that, through tracing the increase and fall of the President's technological know-how Advisory Committee from its ascendance lower than Eisenhower within the wake of the Soviet launching of Sputnik to its dying throughout the Nixon years. individuals of this committee shared a robust experience of technological skepticism; they have been simply as vulnerable to suggest the president approximately what know-how could not do - for nationwide safety, area exploration, fingers regulate, and environmental safety - as approximately what it will possibly do.Zuoyue Wang examines key turning issues throughout the 20th century, together with the start of the chilly battle, the debates over nuclear guns, the Sputnik challenge in 1957, the fight over the Vietnam struggle, and the eventual finish of the chilly conflict, exhibiting how the involvement of scientists in government policymaking advanced through the years. Bringing new insights to the highbrow, social, and cultural histories of the period, this ebook not just depicts the drama of chilly warfare American technology, it supplies point of view to how we predict approximately technological developments this day.

Show description

Read Online or Download In Sputnik's shadow: the President's Science Advisory Committee and Cold War America PDF

Best development & growth books

The Economics of Soviet Break-up (Routledge Studies of Societies in Transition, 1)

This booklet analyzes the results of the break-up of the Soviet Union into fifteen self reliant states. themes mentioned contain: * prior and current fiscal kinfolk among the republics, and forecasts for the long run * dialogue of Customs Unions, financial Union or funds Union as attainable methods ahead for those states * fiscal integration conception * how the states of the Soviet Union functioned ahead of the dissolution.

Kerala's Economic Development

The well known 'Kerala version' of improvement has been the focal point of debate for the prior a number of years and the 1st variation of this publication, released in 1999, used to be an important contribution to that discuss. This revised version focuses now not lots at the extra well-researched determinants of Kerala's good fortune yet at the hitherto neglected fiscal backwardness of the nation, the commercial reforms applied because the early Nineties, the wide fiscal alterations throughout the Nineties, and the industrial difficulties and improvement concerns dealing with Kerala this present day.

The Lognormal Distribution with special reference to its uses in econometrics

Publication by means of J. Aitchison, J. A. C. Brown

Global Inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization

One of many world’s major economists of inequality, Branko Milanovic provides a daring new account of the dynamics that force inequality on an international scale. Drawing on tremendous facts units and state of the art study, he explains the benign and malign forces that make inequality upward thrust and fall inside and between countries.

Extra resources for In Sputnik's shadow: the President's Science Advisory Committee and Cold War America

Sample text

31 Thus, in advising the government, the GAC sought to explain not what a technology could do, but rather what it could not do. ” In other words, it would not help the United States win the Cold War militarily even if it could be made. Furthermore, like the Franck Committee, the GAC argued against the inevitability of a new military technology. ”33 Characteristic of the postwar science advisory scene and foreshadowing of the future PSAC, however, the GAC deliberation was not without its own internal dissent.

11 Compton underestimated the duality problem. Despite his professed disinterestedness and offer of cooperation, FDR’s brain trust of social scientists, who claimed to represent the interest of the government, dismissed the new board as a spokesman for the scientific community. Whereas Compton tried to position scientists as one of the many interest groups that began to dominate American politics after the onset of FDR’s New Deal liberalism and argue that science, as a driving force of American economy, deserved federal support, his reasoning failed to impress those infl uential around Roosevelt.

29 Physicist-turned-historian S. S. Schweber pointed to the training of American physicists in the 1930s that emphasized engineering abilities and a proper balance between theory and experiment. 30 The centrality of physicists in the bomb project also derived from the fact that the technology built closely on new discoveries in nuclear physics. 31 As historians of science increasingly recognize, physics and its practitioners themselves were transformed by this wartime fusion. 32 Such a new material culture of physics would prove to be crucial to the business of science advising as well.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.22 of 5 – based on 32 votes