By Lester L. Grabbe
An across the world revered professional at the moment Temple interval offers an absolutely up to date advent to this important quarter of bible study. This advent, via a global chief within the box, offers the best advisor to the second one Temple interval, its background, literature, and spiritual environment. Lester Grabbe magisterially publications the reader in the course of the interval delivering a cautious evaluation of the main studied assets, the background surrounding them and a number of the currents inside of Judaism on the time. This booklet can be a middle textual content for classes at the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, in addition to Qumran, Intertestamental Literature and Early Judaism.
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Additional info for Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel, and Jesus
His reign was short, however; he died in 44 CE after ruling only three years over Judaea and seven years in all. Thus after a brief respite, Judaea was once again a Roman province and subject to Roman governors. For the next 20 years the country drifted toward an inevitable conflict with the ruling power. 6). The outcome was predictable; why the Jewish leadership ever thought it could win against Rome is a puzzle, as are the many activities of the various revolutionary groups which made them fight each other more intensely than the Romans.
Roman rule was for Roman benefit. The Roman governors were often ignorant of local traditions and customs, and apparently often did not care, anyway. The ten-year governorship of Pilate (26–36 CE) was a series of clashes with the Jews over various issues; even the Roman historian Tacitus rated his administration poorly. Direct Roman rule over Judah lasted for 35 years and reminded people how much better off they had been under Herodian rule. 26 An Introduction to Second Temple Judaism Herod’s grandson Agrippa was well-known to the emperor’s family and became a personal friend of Caligula.
While Herod was a client king, the Romans did not collect taxes directly from the Jews and were unlikely to have conducted a census in Judaea during his lifetime. Writing toward the end of the first century, long after the events, Luke has apparently just got something confused. Those who wanted direct Roman rule now got their wish – and probably lived to regret it. Roman rule was for Roman benefit. The Roman governors were often ignorant of local traditions and customs, and apparently often did not care, anyway.