By Steven J. Zaloga, Hugh Johnson
The jeep used to be the main recognized army automobile of global battle II, and its identify has turn into synonymous with an entire classification of army and civilian all-terrain cars. The jeep originated in a prewar US military requirement for an easy, low-cost, and powerful motor vehicle for simple application chores. Its easy layout proved to be adaptable to a number of army projects together with use as a scout car, battlefield ambulance, communications car, and employees motor vehicle. This publication, protecting вЂњthe savior of global warfare IIвЂќ, makes a speciality of the layout and improvement of this flexible automobile used on approximately each entrance of worldwide battle II.
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This led to plans to mount a drum to the jeep wheel, in the expectation that the increased surface area would reduce ground pressure enough to provide traction in deep snow. This configuration was not particularly successful. Flying jeeps The most bizarre jeep variant developed in World War II was the British Rotabuggy flying jeep. The idea behind this design was to add an autogyro-type rotor assembly above the jeep cabin that would permit the jeep to be towed into the air by a transport or bomber tug.
In place of the prewar white registration number, the QMC experimented with several colors in the autumn of 1940 to reduce its visibility, and in November 1940 finally selected Blue Drab, a medium blue-gray. This was officially mandated in an Adjutant General memo in December 1940 and affected all vehicles procured under the fiscal year 1941 budget. As a result, virtually all US Army jeeps manufactured through February 1944 had their registration numbers in blue drab, at which point the Army reverted to lusterless white.
When in particularly soft terrain such as mud or snow, the tires could be deflated for more ground contact, and then pumped up again afterwards for normal road travel. This was released under an October 1944 maintenance work order. Capstan winch kit - A capstan winch was developed for the jeep, powered off the motor. This was intended for extracting other jeeps trapped in the mud or snow or for self-extraction. FURTHER READING The popularity of the jeep has led to a wealth of published material.