By Charles Spencer
January, 1649. After seven years of battling within the bloodiest warfare in Britain's background, Parliament had overpowered King Charles I and now confronted an issue: What to do with a defeated king, a king who refused to surrender?
Parliamentarians resolved to do the unthinkable, to ignore the Divine correct of Kings and carry Charles I to account for the appalling anguish and slaughter persisted by way of his humans. A tribunal of one hundred thirty five males used to be swiftly accumulated in London, and even though Charles refused to recognize the ability of his matters to attempt him, the demise sentence was once unanimously handed. On an icy winter's day on a scaffold outdoors Whitehall, in an occasion exact in English background, the King of britain was once executed.
When the useless king's son, Charles II, was once restored to the throne, he set approximately enacting a dangerous wave of retribution opposed to all those—the attorneys, the judges, the officials at the scaffold—responsible for his father's loss of life. many of the 'regicides'—the killers of the king—pleaded for mercy, whereas others stoically awaited their sentence. Many went into hiding in England, or fled to Europe or the USA. those that have been stuck and condemned suffered agonizing and degrading ends, whereas others observed out their days in hellish captivity.
Bestselling historian Charles Spencer explores this violent conflict of beliefs in the course of the contributors whose fates have been decided via that one, momentous choice. a robust story of revenge from the darkish center of royal heritage and a desirable perception into the risks of political and non secular allegiance in Stuart England, those are the stunning tales of the boys who dared to kill a king.
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Additional resources for Killers of the King: The Men Who Dared to Execute Charles I
Frank Hanly, February 8, 1908, “Temporary File: Governor Marshall Papers in Regards to Sterilization,” Indiana State Archives, Indianapolis. â•‡Gugliotta, “‘Dr. Sharp with His Little Knife,’” 396–400. â•‡Sharp to Marshall, May 13, 1909, Temporary File: Governor Marshall Papers in Regards to Sterilization, Indiana State Archives. â•‡ William O’Keefee to Marshall, January 12, 1909, Temporary File: Governor Marshall Papers in Regards to Sterilization, Indiana State Archives; Jason S. Lantzer and Alexandra M.
Dugdale and the Jukes Family: A Historical Injustice Corrected,” Bioscience 30 (1980): 535–39. See also Henry M. Boies, Prisoners and Paupers (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1893). Boies accepted the view that criminals and the poor represented instances of hereditary degeneracy. â•‡ David Wolfers and Helen Wolfers, Vasectomy and Vasectomania (St. Albans, UK: Mayflower Books, 1974). This polemical book gives a good overview of the procedure’s development in Europe and then in the United States.
For his pacifist eugenics, see Jordan and Harvey Ernest Jordan, War’s Aftermath: A Preliminary Study of the Eugenics of War (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1914). â•‡ Sharp’s reports to the governor (1896–1912) are included in the biannual Communication of the State Prison Reformatory at Jeffersonville; copies may be found in the Herman B Wells Library. â•‡ S. A. J. Ochsner, “Surgical Treatment of Habitual Criminals,” Journal of the American Medical Association 32 (1899): 867–68. â•‡ Harry C. Sharp, “Vasectomy as a Means of Preventing Procreation in Defectives,” Journal of the American Medical Association 53 (1909): 1897–1902.