By Francisco R. Sagasti
This article presents a accomplished advent to the numerous various matters with regards to the Sisyphean job of establishing technology and expertise services in constructing international locations. It makes an attempt to reply to an important questions together with: how can wisdom be applied to enhance the human , and the way do we bridge the growing to be wisdom divide among those that produce and use sleek technology and expertise - and those that don't? Francisco Sagasti examines the complicated interactions among technological know-how, expertise and improvement via historical past, explores how features in those parts are created in several nations and areas the function of foreign co-operation in standpoint. The e-book then introduces a ?‘science and expertise potential index?’ to rank nations, analyzes the coverage implications of where they occupy, and summarizes the event of constructing nations in formulating technological know-how and know-how rules. It concludes with a evaluate of vital classes for the long run. This hugely cutting edge and unique paintings will strongly entice lecturers, policymakers, improvement practitioners and scholars attracted to the function of information and innovation in modern society, and within the disparities among constructed and constructing international locations.
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Additional info for Knowledge and Innovation for Development: The Sisyphus Challenge of the 21st Century
The emergence of the secular concept of reason, the desacralization of nature, and the rational conception of the world that found its expression in thinkers like René Descartes and Francis Bacon, provided the ideological foundations for the organization of production in accordance with the demands of the process of accumulation, and also with the private appropriation of the surplus associated with the emergence of market economies. At the same time, the diffusion of capitalist production, characteristic of the industrial civilization of the West, contributed to the predominance of the secularized and instrumental vision of ‘rationality’, which expanded its scope relentlessly.
As a result, it became possible to develop theories and theoretical constructions. With the passage of time the capacity to manipulate abstract symbols would eventually lead to the invention of differential calculus and of other mathematical tools that became essential to the development of modern science in the West. A variety of institutional arrangements, which took the form of organizations, rituals, social habits and patronage, among many others, were devised by different societies to engage in the production of speculative thought and to generate abstract knowledge.
A variety of institutional arrangements, which took the form of organizations, rituals, social habits and patronage, among many others, were devised by different societies to engage in the production of speculative thought and to generate abstract knowledge. Shamans, priests and clerics, working individually or in sects and churches, applied themselves to the creation, organization and dissemination of abstract notions and concepts that provided accounts of natural phenomena. Kings, tyrants, feudal lords and rulers of all types, as well as public officials and wealthy merchants, gave patronage to those (mostly men) who engaged in the production of knowledge.