By Wayne Ouderkirk, Jim Hill
Land, worth, group presents an in-depth serious learn of the theories of J. Baird Callicott, one of many world’s most desirable environmental philosophers. a global team of students representing philosophy, ecology, ecofeminism, local American reviews, political technological know-how, and faith reviews significantly assesses Callicott’s contributions to environmental ethics and philosophy and offers replacement views from their very own paintings. each one part involves numerous authors targeting one element of Callicott’s suggestion, elevating questions not just for Callicott but additionally for somebody suffering from environmental matters. A noteworthy characteristic of the booklet is Callicott’s personal reaction to his critics. This quantity permits readers to discover a number of avenues of their look for solutions to the numerous philosophical questions raised through environmental difficulties.
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In the first case, the lover’s life is enhanced to the degree that he or she cares less for himself or herself and genuinely focuses concern on the well-being of the loved one. 23 As Leopold so wisely observed, “We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. , of living in a surrounding that we evolved from and preserving the conditions of our evolution) is a goodness interpreted as a consistency with human nature and fulfillment. Furthermore, it is an ethic that endorses the actualization of human potential because it suggests that we are most likely to flourish in a natural environment, just as an acorn can best manifest its potential “oakness” in a biome that is conducive to the flourishing of oak trees.
But these sentiments are not directed to persons; nor do they reflect on our worth as persons, although they may indicate our state of neurological health. In short, “biophilia” may provide us with the sort of nonmoral psychological equipment that we are looking for. If so, then what follows? First of all, it would seem to follow that being in tune with nature is a sign of health that can offer a hard objective reference into the contentious arena of ethical debate. Granted, the analysis of the concept of health is open to considerable debate among medical ethicists.
Because, if left to its own processes, a natural world is stable, self-regulating, and permanent and thus a safer place for us. Unlike a totally artificial world, a natural world need not be constantly managed and will not destroy us by falling apart from neglect and disrepair. If nature seems fragile now and thus threatening to us, it is not so because of its inherent weakness. It is fragile and threatening because of the assault of our artifice upon it. Ecological Morality and Nonmoral Sentiments 33 The truth of the biophilia hypothesis is still at issue, and serious investigation is long overdue.