Locke’s Two Treatises of Government by Richard Ashcraft

By Richard Ashcraft

This quantity publications the reader via a close exam of the textual content to an realizing of Locke’s political principles on the subject of his writings on philosophy, schooling, faith and economics and the impact those principles had upon eighteenth-century political theorists. the writer indicates how Locke rigorously built his political viewpoint as a defence of the rules of traditional rights, constitutional executive and renowned resistance. He deals an unique interpretation of the 2 Treatises…, emphasizing the explicit ways that Locke’s political reasons in writing the paintings impact his dialogue of such innovations because the kingdom of nature, estate, consent and tyranny. the writer discusses the old and biographical context of the paintings and demonstrates how eighteenth century political thinkers constructed or rejected points of Locke’s political conception and summarizes vital contemporary stories of Locke’s paintings.

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The reformulation of Locke’s political thought represents not merely a pragmatic shift of partisanship from one side to the other within the political spectrum of Restoration England; rather, it reflects Locke’s effort to discover the theoretical and practical means by which the social and political existence of his contemporaries could be reconstructed according to the principles of ‘Lockean’ liberalism. In 1670, Charles II negotiated a treaty of alliance with Louis XIV on the basis of which England and France launched a war against Holland.

28 Locke's Two Treatises of Government Nevertheless, Charles II refused to accede to this demand. He used his royal prerogative to prorogue or dissolve Parliament in order to interrupt the legislative progress of the Exclusion Bill. When the House of Lords demonstrated their agreement with the king by defeating the measure by sixty-three votes to thirty in November 1680, the legal efforts by the Whigs to block the succession of James, for all practical purposes, came to an end. A third elected Parliament was called to meet at Oxford in March 1681, but it was abruptly dissolved by Charles II after only five days, and for the remaining four years of his reign he ruled England without calling a legislative assembly into session.

619-22; esp. pp. 620-1. 10 Jean LeClerc, A n Account o f the Life and Writings o f John Locke, 3rd edn (1714), pp. 8, 10; Two Treatises o f Government, ed. Peter Laslett, 2nd edn (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967), introduction, p. 26; Cranston, Locke, p. 159. , pp. 70, 114-15; Fox-Bourne, Life o f Locke, Vol. 1, pp. 432. 12 The Works o f John Locke, 12th edn, 9 vols (1824), Vol. 4, pp. 8-9, 15, 20, 28-9, 39. 30, fol. 18). 13 Some of these notes are reprinted in Cranston, Locke, pp. 131-3.

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