Mozart's Cosi Fan Tutte: a Compositional History by Ian Woodfield

By Ian Woodfield

An outstandingly major feat of Mozart scholarship.... A basic reassessment of the early historical past of Così fan tutte and a tremendous contribution to its severe overview as a piece of paintings. The author's scrutiny of the autograph ranking unleashes a torrent of knowledge on how Mozart composed the opera, how he replaced his brain or felt pressured to alter his brain, how the character of the paintings itself replaced and, such a lot startlingly, a frank publicity of its many unresolved concerns. The detective paintings has the joys of the chase, however the fabric will charm past Mozart students to opera historians, biographers, musicologists, manufacturers, conductors, performers, and people occupied with functionality perform. Professor DAVID WYN JONES, Cardiff collage. This examine proposes a speculation to account for the various opera's long-standing 'problems'. It means that Mozart thought of the concept the pairings in Act II shouldn't be crossed: that every of the 2 disguised officials may still search to seduce his personal girl. even if this replacement plot constitution was once rejected, symptoms of it will possibly stay within the ultimate rating, within the uneasy co-existence of dramatic duplicity and musical sincerity, and within the finishing, within which the simple restitution of the unique turns out to not take account of the hot passions which were aroused. proof that numerous of the singers have been re-cast is usually awarded. as well as those extensively new rules concerning the conceptual genesis of Così, the e-book additionally presents an entire account of the work's compositional historical past, in keeping with early Viennese and Bohemian copies. 4 assorted models are pointed out, together with an important revision during which Mozart got rid of the Act II finale canon. The composer's possible involvement within the 1791 Prague construction can be mentioned.

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26 It seems that Ferrarese and Villeneuve wished to rehearse on their own. 27 He requested a further loan of 100 gulden, probably a follow-up to his earlier plea for 400 gulden in response to which Puchberg had sent only 300. Some time shortly after the première, as was his custom, Mozart entered his new opera in his catalogue of works. In fact there are two entries, one referring to an aria for Benucci, which he cut from the opera at a late stage: im December seine arie welche in die oper Così fan tutte bestimmt war für Benucci.

In Così, however, ink colours and other kinds of evidence strongly suggest that they were part of the continuity stage, and that the main labour of copying the full orchestration was done only at the end. Recitatives were always liable to require a certain amount of rewriting, usually to make them cadence into a key that had not originally been anticipated, and this happened several times in Così. Analysis of ink colours leads to the conclusion that Mozart copied several recitatives at a time – in other words, that the main plot sequences were each put together at one go, as the structure of the sub­ sections of the opera came into place.

This instrumentation thus equates neither with what now was to come before, in the opening duet section of the finale (two flutes, two horns, two bassoons) nor with what now was to follow in Scene XV (two flutes, two oboes, two ­bassoons, two trumpets).  136 consisted merely of the brace and the part labels, clefs, key signatures for the sisters, and the bass line. In other words, this sheet had been prepared as the start of a ­particella.  136). For such a seemingly simple addition to the page, this produced a surprisingly complex palaeographical knot to untangle.

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