Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis (Disaster by Margaret Arnold, Visit Amazon's Maxx Dilley Page, search

By Margaret Arnold, Visit Amazon's Maxx Dilley Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Maxx Dilley, , Uwe Deichmann, Robert S. Chen, Arthur L. Lerner-Lam

Earthquakes, floods, drought, and different average dangers reason tens of millions of deaths, millions of accidents, and billions of greenbacks in financial losses every year world wide. Many billions of greenbacks in humanitarian tips, emergency loans, and improvement reduction are expended each year. but efforts to lessen the dangers of traditional dangers stay mostly uncoordinated throughout various threat varieties and don't inevitably specialize in components at optimum threat of catastrophe. 'Natural catastrophe Hotspots' offers a world view of significant ordinary catastrophe danger hotspots—areas at particularly excessive danger of loss from a number of typical risks. It summarizes the result of an interdisciplinary research of the site and features of hotspots for 6 ordinary hazards—earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, floods, drought, and cyclones. info on those risks are mixed with state of the art facts at the subnational distribution of inhabitants and monetary output and prior catastrophe losses to spot components at fairly excessive danger from a number of risks.

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Extra resources for Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis (Disaster Risk Management)

Example text

Disasters have two sets of causes. The first set is the natural hazards themselves, including floods, drought, tropical storms, earthquakes, volcanoes, and landslides. The second set comprises the vulnerabilities of elements at risk—populations, infrastructure, and economic activities—that make them more or less susceptible to being harmed or damaged by a hazard event. Disaster-prone countries can be identified readily from existing databases of past disasters. Countries themselves may be aware of disaster-prone areas, either through local knowledge and experience or through formal risk assessments and historical data.

Advance planning for recovery and resource allocation would allow for better targeting of Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis resources toward investments that would restore economic activity quickly and relieve human suffering. This report’s global disaster risk analysis provides a basis for identifying situations in which future emergency recovery loans are likely to be needed. This creates an opportunity for “preappraising” emergency loans, that is, designing a risk management strategy to guide the allocation of emergency reconstruction resources should such resources become necessary, or to arrange for other types of contingency financing with development banks.

However, we believe that these indicators may be useful in broadly classifying different levels of exposure in order to better characterize the relative risks associated with different hazards. 5. Vulnerability Data The stresses to which a given element at risk is subjected during a hazard event depend on the hazard. These stresses include shaking in the case of earthquakes, moisture stress in the case of drought, inundation during floods, and so on. A given element may be severely challenged by one hazard but completely unaffected by another.

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